NDSU ARMY ROTC

STRENGTH AND HONOR



Path to Officership


This is a typical path for Cadets, for additional questions please consult with Mr. Ronald Joyce.

(Each semester Physical Training is conducted weekday mornings and a Leadership Lab is also held on Thursday afternoons.)


Eligibility for the Advanced Course:

The Advanced Course is open to any full-time student who:

  • Has two academic years of course work remaining;
  • Satisfies one of the following:
    • Veteran with honorable discharge,
    • Completed ROTC Basic Course,
    • Has high school JROTC,
    • Attended leadership training course at Fort Knox, KY, or
    • Member of National Guard or Reserve and has completed Basic Training
  • Passes an Army physical
  • Has a grade point average of at least 2.0 and
  • Has a desire to become an officer in the U.S. Army.


Basic Course


  •     Course Overview


        MS 101 introduces Cadets to the personal challenges and competencies that are critical for effective leadership. Cadets learn how the personal development of life skills such as critical thinking, goal setting, time management, stress management, and physical/mental fitness (resiliency training) relate to leadership, officership, and the Army profession.


        The focus is on developing basic knowledge and comprehension of Army leadership dimensions while gaining a big picture understanding of the ROTC program, its purpose in the Army, and its advantages for the student.


        Course Objectives


            Leadership

    • Explain the importance of time management
    • Understand how time management impacts Troop Leading Procedures

            Personal Development

    • Develop short & long-term goals for a personal health and fitness program
    • Define the basic elements of time and stress management
    • Identify benefits of resiliency awareness in a personal fitness program

            Values and Ethics

    • Explain the Warrior Ethos
    • List and define the Seven Army Values

            Officership

    • Explain the importance of being a model citizen as an Army officer
    • React to passing colors, National music, and approaching officers
    • Identify Army customs, courtesies, and Cadet rank structure
    • Understand the impact of CULP on leader development

            Tactics and Techniques

    • Identify symbols and colors on a military map
    • Work effectively in teams with fellow Cadets

  •     Course Overview


        MS 102 overviews leadership fundamentals such as setting direction, problem-solving, listening, presenting briefs, providing feedback, and using effective writing skills. Cadets explore dimensions of leadership attributes and core leader competencies in the context of practical, hands-on, and interactive exercises.


        Continued emphasis is placed on recruitment and retention of Cadets. Cadre role models and the building of stronger relationships among the Cadets through common experience and practical interaction are critical aspects of the MSL 102 experience.


        Course Objectives


            Leadership

    • Distinguish between leadership attributes and core leader competencies
    • Illustrate how a leader leads, develops, and achieves

            Values and Ethics

    • Explain how values impact leadership
    • Describe the importance of Warrior Ethos for effective leadership

            Personal Development

    • Develop a personal goals plan
    • Explain the basic elements of Army communication

            Officership

    • Explain the importance of personal development for officership

            Tactics and Techniques

    • Describe the components of a fire team and squad
    • Describe the three individual movement techniques
    • Identify symbols and colors on a military map

  •     Course Overview


        MS 201 explores the dimensions of creative and innovative tactical leadership strategies and styles by examining team dynamics and two historical leadership theories that form the basis of the Army leadership framework (trait and behavior theories). Cadets practice aspects of personal motivation and team building in the context of planning, executing, and assessing team exercises and participating in leadership labs.


        Focus is on continued development of the knowledge of leadership attributes and core leader competencies through an understanding of Army rank, structure, duties and basic aspects of land navigation and squad tactics. Case studies provide tangible context for learning the Soldier's Creed and Warrior Ethos.


        Course Objectives


            Leadership

    • Describe the three stages of team development
    • Identify different leadership theories that contributed to the Army Leadership Framework
    • Develop a PRT schedule

            Personal Development

    • Describe tools a leader or group can use to manage time
    • Describe effective communication
    • Deliver a formal information briefing

            Officership

    • N/A

            Officership

    • Explain the importance of personal development for officership

            Tactics and Techniques

    • Practice map reading techniques
    • Practice land navigation techniques
    • Describe the seven steps of problem solving
    • Describe the eight troop leading procedures
    • Understand the linkage between Troop Leading Procedures (TLP), the Military Decision Making Process (MDMP), and the Operation Order (OPORD)
    • Demonstrate knowledge of tactical movement under different METT-TC scenarios
    • Define Warrior Tasks and Battle Drills
    • Understand the Purpose of Offensive Operations
    • Define the purpose of pre-combat checks and inspections

            Values and Ethics

    • Apply Values and Ethics principles

  •     Course Overview


        MS 202 examines the challenges of leading tactical teams in the operational environment. The course highlights dimensions of operation orders, terrain analysis, and patrolling. Further study of the theoretical basis of the Army Leadership Requirements Model explores the dynamics of adaptive leadership in the context of military operations.


        MS 202 prepares Cadets for MSL 301. Cadets develop greater self awareness as they assess their own leadership styles and practice communication and team building skills. Practical exercises give insight into the importance and practice of teamwork and tactics in real-world scenarios.


        Course Objectives


            Leadership

    • Explain the situational, transformational, and adaptive leadership theories and their relationship to the Army Leadership Requirements Model
    • Illustrate dimensions of transformational and situational leadership
    • Describe methods of assessing leadership styles
    • Explain your personal approach to leadership
    • Describe the LDP process of evaluating behavior

            Values and Ethics

    • Explain the relationship Army Values and the Army's Equal Opportunity program

            Personal Development

    • Practice effective writing techniques in accordance with the Army standard for effective writing

            Officership

    • Describe the Army Threat Awareness and Reporting Program, Threat Levels and Force Protection Conditions, and the National Terrorism Advisory System
    • Describe the Army's approach to Protection and Emergency Management
    • Identify various sources of information about terrorism and to help you make informed decisions in an emergency

            Tactics and Techniques

    • Explain the five-paragraph format for an operations order
    • Interpret an operation order
    • Demonstrate terrain analysis and route planning skills
    • List and describe the five aspects of military terrain using (OAKOC)
    • Explain how squads and platoons plan for and conduct patrols
    • Describe the characteristics of the defense



Advanced Course


  •     Course Overview


        MS 301 challenges cadets to study, practice, and evaluate adaptive leadership skills as they are presented with challenging scenarios related to squad tactical operations. Cadets receive systematic and specific feedback on their leadership attributes and actions. Based on such feedback, as well as their own self-evaluations, cadets continue to develop their leadership and critical thinking abilities.


        The focus is developing cadets' tactical leadership abilities to enable them to succeed at ROTC's summer Leadership Development and Assessment Course (LDAC).


        Course Objectives


            Leadership

    • Explain the Leadership Development Program (LDP) evaluation cycle
    • Write a self-evaluation of leader actions taken during Leadership Labs

            Values and Ethics

    • Explain the relationship Army Values and the Army's Equal Opportunity program

            Personal Development

    • Observe the Warrior Ethos in fellow cadets/cadres
    • Embody the Warrior Ethos in Leadership Labs and cadet interactions

            Personal Development

    • Define standards for the Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT)
    • Write short-term and long-term goals to prepare for APFT
    • Describe the factors of Suicide Prevention
    • Deliver one or more of the four types of Military Briefings

            Officership

    • Apply the composite risk management process in the orders process
    • Apply the fundamentals of Drill and Ceremony to squad formation

            Tactics and Techniques

    • Apply troop leading procedures to accomplish squad operations
    • Apply map reading, land navigation and terrain analysis to squad operations
    • Apply fundamentals of Army Operations
    • Pass CWST

  •     Course Overview


        MS 302 uses increasingly intense situational applying team leadership challenges to build cadet awareness and skills in leading tactical operations at the small unit level. Cadets review aspects of full spectrum operations. They also conduct military briefings and develop proficiency in the operation orders process.


        The focus is on exploring, evaluating, and developing skills in decision-making, persuading, and motivating team members in the contemporary operating environment (COE). MS 302 cadets are evaluated on what they know and do as leaders as they prepare to attend the ROTC summer Leader Development Assessment Course (LDAC).


        Course Objectives


            Leadership

    • Apply situational leadership actions in leading a small unit
    • Analyze the factors that motivate Soldiers

            Values and Ethics

    • Explain rules of engagement and the Law of Land Warfare
    • Apply the Warrior Ethos

            Personal Development

    • Apply principles of time management, effective writing, and communication
    • Present effective briefings

            Officership

    • Describe the Brigade Combat Team (BCT)
    • Explain Army Full Spectrum Operations

            Tactics and Techniques

    • Apply the Operations Orders Process
    • Demonstrate knowledge of platoon tactical operations
    • Explain FOB Operations

  •     Course Overview


        The MS 401 course transitions the focus of student learning from being trained, mentored and evaluated as an MSL III Cadet, to learning how to train, mentor and evaluate underclass Cadets. MS IV Cadets will learn the duties and responsibilities of an Army staff officer and apply the Military Decision Making Process (MDMP), the Army Writing Style and the Army's Training Management and METL Development processes during weekly Training Meetings to plan, execute and assess battalion training events. Cadets will learn how to safely conduct this training by understanding and employing the Risk Management Process. MS IV Cadets will learn how to use the Comprehensive Soldier Fitness (CSF) program to reduce and manage stress.


        Cadets will learn about the special trust proposed by the US Constitution to Army Officers-a trust above and beyond other professions. Cadets will learn Army Values and Ethics and how to apply them to everyday life as well as in Operating Environments. The MS IV Cadet will learn about the officer's role in the Uniform Code of Military Justice, with Counseling Subordinates, Administrative Discipline and Separations, and methods for Officer Career Management.


        Course Objectives


            Leadership

    • Apply Army leader attributes and core competencies as Cadet battalion leaders
    • Perform the duties of a Cadet battalion staff position
    • Evaluate underclass Cadets using the leadership development program (LDP)

            Values and Ethics

    • Apply Army leader ethics in decision making
    • Enforce Army policy pertaining to EO and SHARP programs
    • Relate the law of land warfare and rules of engagement to Army operations
    • Explain your obligations as a US service member under the code of conduct
    • Understand your role in the UCMJ process/explain the types of admin discipline and separations

            Personal Development

    • Explain the Comprehensive Soldier Fitness program and identify leader responsibilities
    • Identify methods to reduce and manage stress as a leader
    • Write a memorandum that effectively communicates using Army Writing Standards

            Officership

    • Incorporate the risk management process into training activities
    • Explain the profession of arms and officership as it relates to civilian professions
    • Understand the duties of staff organization roles and responsibilities
    • Counsel underclass Cadets to improve performance
    • Write an officer evaluation report support form
    • Explain the importance of actively managing your career as an Army officer
    • Conduct training meetings to plan, execute and assess training

            Tactics and Techniques

    • Mentor and evaluate underclass Cadets during tactical operations
    • Apply the training management process through OPORDs, rehearsals and rock drills
    • Apply the Military Decision Making Process at battalion training meetings

  •     Course Overview


        MS 402 explores the dynamics of leading Soldier's in Full Spectrum Operations in the Operating Environment (OE). Cadets examine differences in Customs and Courtesies, Principles of War, and Rules of Engagement in the face of Terrorism. They also explore aspects of interacting with Non-Government Organizations, Civilians on the Battlefield, and Host Nation Support and explore Counterinsurgency Operations. Cadets will learn what Support Services are available to assist Soldiers and their Families in times of need such as; Red Cross, CFC, AER, etc. MS IVs will develop and present a Battle Analysis and participate in a Staff Ride at an historic military site.


        The course places significant emphasis on preparing Cadets for their first unit of assignment. It uses case studies, scenarios, and "What Now, Lieutenant?" exercises to prepare Cadets to face the complex ethical and practical demands of leading as commissioned officers in the United States Army.


        Course Objectives


            Leadership

    • Apply Army leader attributes and core competencies as Cadet battalion leaders
    • Mentor the personal development of underclass Cadets
    • Explain the different installation support services available to Soldiers and Family members

            Values and Ethics

    • Demonstrate a working knowledge of the Army's programs on equal opportunity (EO) and Sexual Harassment/Assault and Response Prevention (SHARP)
    • Demonstrate proper leader ethics and analyze Army leader ethics case studies

            Personal Development

    • Prepare a personal developmental plan using the junior officer developmental support form and officer evaluation report model

            Officership

    • Develop and present a battle analysis case study brief of a historic military battle
    • Explain how cultural awareness can impact a unit and mission
    • Identify and explain the culture of terrorism
    • Understand the different non-Gov. orgs, civilians on the battlefield, and host nation support that can impact unit operations
    • Demonstrate good management of personal finances
    • Explain the correct procedures in the supply and maintenance process

            Tactics and Techniques

    • Apply the principles of force protection and operational security in Full Spectrum Operations (FSO)
    • Explain counterinsurgency operations in FSO
    • Conduct CASEVAC procedures at unit level


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