Sykora, Joseph Henry; Ph.D.
Program of Education;
College of Human Development and Education; North Dakota State University
A Policy Analysis Perspective of the Teacher Compensation Plan in North Dakota
Major Professor: Dr. Ron Stammen
The purpose of this study is to provide a policy analysis of the state teacher compensation plan of North Dakota. The 2001 teacher compensation plan mandated that state monies be used to increase teacher salaries and benefits. This research provided insight into the extent to which the educational finance policy of dedicating state monies specifically to enhance teacher compensation met the goals of the legislative and executive branches.
This research study has three research objectives and they are: (1) to measure the effect of funding components on the school district’s general fund levy from 1995 to 2001 and from 2001 to 2007, (2) to determine the effect of fiscal years teacher compensation on new state funding monies, and (3) to determine if the teacher compensation plan assisted school districts in teacher recruitment and retention.
A multiple regression equation that was used is Y(predicted school district’s general fund levy) = b1(X1) + b2(X2) + …+b10(X10) + a in order to compute a beta coefficient on ten independent variables. Research objective two used a ratio to compare two fiscal years teacher compensation increases to the amount of new state funding monies. Descriptive statistics were used in research objective three where the School Board President, Superintendent, and Teacher Association President were asked to complete a twenty-five question survey on teacher compensation, and teacher recruitment and retention.
There were four findings of the study: (1) local property taxes increased slightly due to teacher compensation, (2) school districts with an enrollment under 250 were negatively impacted by the teacher compensation plan, (3) the teacher compensation plan had no measurable effect on teacher recruitment or retention, and (4) the School Board President and Teacher Association President had opposite viewpoints in regards to the effect that compensation plans would have on teacher recruitment and retention.
Education is experiencing a shortage of quality teachers due to teachers retiring or leaving the profession. Additional research is essential to determine the impact of teacher compensation on the recruitment and retention of teachers. Replacing teachers will be critical to maintaining the quality of education that citizens have come to expect.