Egeberg, James Wendell; Ph.D.
Program of Human Development, Wellness;
College of Human Development and Education; North Dakota State University
Wellness Promotion on the Campuses of Two-year and Four-year Colleges and Universities
Major Professor: Dr. Brad Strand
Colleges and universities are concerned about the health of their students and have been promoting ways to improve student health in two areas; health and physical education courses for the general college student as well as campus wellness programs. Although periodic studies have been conducted regarding basic health and physical education over the last 50 years, few have included 2-year institutions and health-related fitness (HRF) courses. Even less research has been conducted on the prevalence and practices of campus wellness programs. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to conduct two separate surveys to investigate the current prevalence and practices of health-related fitness courses as well as wellness programs/centers at 2-year and 4-year institutions.
Two separate papers were written for this dissertation. For the first paper, physical education coordinators at 241 institutions in the Central District Association of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (CDA-AAHPERD) were surveyed regarding HRF and physical activity (PA) courses. No statistically significant difference was found between institution type and the prevalence of HRF and PA courses. Findings indicated that 89.2% of the 2-year institutions offered HRF courses and that 86.5% offered PA courses. HRF courses were at 82.0% of the 4-year campuses, and 87.2% had PA courses. In addition, this paper includes information that is currently not available regarding the delivery of HRF courses online. Two-year institutions were significantly more likely to offer online HRF courses than 4-year institutions.
The second paper surveyed wellness directors at the same institutions regarding college student wellness programs and centers. The findings indicated that 64.7% of 2-year institutions had a wellness program and that 68.6% had a wellness center. Wellness programs were in place in 78.6% of the 4-year institutions with 84.0% having wellness centers. There was no different between the prevalence of wellness programs/centers and the type of institution. This study also provides additional information comparing 2-year and 4-year institutions on campus wellness program features and wellness center facilities.