Masunga, Kenneth Adam; Ed.D.
Program of Education;
College of Human Development and Education; North Dakota State University
A Delphi Survey Process on a Decentralized Educational System in Southern Sudan
Major Professor: Dr. Ronald Stammen
The purpose of this study was to develop a comprehensive educational/training model for decentralization components to empower educational programs in southern Sudan. The study’s purpose was accomplished by using a panel of 17 well-known global experts who were knowledgeable about the decentralized educational system and the political situation in the Republic of the Sudan. The experts used an in-depth analysis of the study topic that involved usage of a Delphi survey process to transform the literature review constructs of the study. This process helped conceptualize and predict the principles involved in the outcomes of a decentralized educational system in southern Sudan.
The findings from the panelists’ responses and analysis provided the basis for creating an educational/training model for education decentralization based on a relevant instructional framework. This framework consists of a variety of core variables categorized under five domains: (1) mission and vision of a decentralized educational system in southern Sudan, (2) centralization vs. decentralization, (3) factors to success commonly affecting implementation of a decentralized educational system in southern Sudan, (4) strategies for putting in place the new schooling system in each of the communities in southern Sudan, and (5) the impact of decentralization on education and its influence on local governance in southern Sudan.
The data collected from the Delphi process showed that the impact of two decades of civil war and use of the Arabic language as the medium of instruction in southern Sudan schools created differences in educational standards between the north and the south. Thus, the Government of Southern Sudan (GOSS) attempts to identify mechanisms to address the five core domains of the findings from the panelists’ responses, which involved (1) control of educational system and decision-making on educational programs in southern Sudan, and (2) using the English language as medium of instruction in all the schools under a decentralized educational system that meets cultural needs.