VISA Reference Chart
Nonimmigrant Visa Status
H-1B Specialty Occupation
The H-1B is a nonimmigrant classification used by an alien who will be employed temporarily in a specialty occupation.
Specialty occupations such as:
Hiring Department works with Office of International Programs to petition the Depts. of Labor (DoL) and Homeland Security (DHS) for work authorization.
Six-year time limit.
Different categories exist within J visa status. Each category has its own regulations.
Used for positions of a temporary nature, e.g. grant-funded research positions, visiting professors, hosting visiting scientists, and short-term scholars.
Department works with Office of International Programs (OIP). OIP issues immigration documents (Form DS 2019) after required information has been provided.
Five-year time limit.
J-2 dependents CAN work with authorization.
F-1 International Student with Optional Practical Training (OPT)
Typically used by international post doctorate/post graduate students for initial employment after degree program.
Upon completion of study the student applies for one year of work authorization with the assistance of an international student advisor at their degree-granting institution.
Permission is issued by DHS in the form of an Employment Authorization Document (known as an EAD card).
University employment on OPT is limited to one year.
F-2 dependents can NOT work.
TN Trade NAFTA
Used for Canadian and Mexican citizens in specific professional positions.
After the position has been determined to be eligible for TN, Canadian citizens apply for TN status at the port of entry to the U.S.
Three-year time limit with unlimited extensions.
For more information, please contact:
Assistant Director of Faculty Immigration
Phone: (701) 231-7895
Fax: (701) 231-1014
Office of International Programs
Memorial Union 116
Dept 2040 - P.O. Box 6050, Fargo, ND 58108 U.S.A.
Phone: +1.701.231.7895 Fax: +1.701.231.1014