FISHERIES and WILDLIFE
The world's fish and wildlife resources are ecologically, socially and economically important. Professionals are needed to ensure sound stewardship of these resources on both public and private lands. With the ever increasing demand for and impact on our natural resources, fisheries and wildlife professionals must be knowledgeable and technically competent to solve a wide array of complex management problems.
Fish and wildlife biology are scientific disciplines dealing with the ecology, behavior and conservation of wild animals. At North Dakota State University, students interested in careers in fisheries and wildlife major in zoology, emphasizing course work and professional development in ecology and natural resource management.
The field requires a wide breadth of training and skill. An understanding of anatomy, physiology, cellular processes, behavior and ecological and evolutionary principles is essential. Integrating such knowledge with plant biology, soil science, socio-economic factors and human relations is one of the exciting challenges of fish and wildlife biology.
Much of fish and wildlife management is people management. An effective resource manager must understand principles of economics, political science and law, and be trained in aspects of psychology, sociology and history. Skillful communication, written and oral, is one of the most important tools a fish and wildlife biologist uses.
Basic education in English, social sciences, math, chemistry and physics is required, along with a solid background in the biological sciences and specialized courses in ecology, fish and wildlife biology and natural resource management. Suggested courses are listed on the back of this sheet.
The Department of Biological Sciences assists students in obtaining recommended field experience, such as summer or temporary employment with resource agencies, independent field research or field classes.
The Student Chapter of The Wildlife Society is a student organization that presents speakers to help members learn more about wildlife and wildlife preservation.
Most fish and wildlife biologists find employment with federal or state agencies, such as the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Forest Service, U.S. Marine Fisheries Service, National Park Service, Bureau of Land Management and state fish and wildlife departments. Competition for these jobs is intense and most professional-level positions require an advanced degree. Competition for graduate school positions also is keen. Other career opportunities exist with private resource groups (the Nature Conservancy, Audubon Society, Ducks Unlimited) and with private industry (environmental consulting firms, oil, coal, mineral and chemical companies).
Specific job possibilities include wildlife disease specialist; law enforcement agent; wildlife refuge manager; waterfowl biologist; fisheries biologist; zoology professor; museum curator; naturalist in national, state or municipal parks; hatchery manager; environmental consultant; nature writer/photographer and lecturer; and limnologist.
Some students combine a fish and wildlife background with education courses to become teachers or environmental educators with parks or nature centers. Students may improve employment chances by combining fish and wildlife majors with such specific skills as journalism, art, soil science or computer and statistical expertise.
No matter what professional route students choose, it must be remembered that a strong commitment to professionalism is a must from early in the undergraduate period. Above all, a love of science and a deep commitment to the natural resource base are essential.
The Wildlife Society (the scientific and professional organization of wildlife biologists and managers) has developed a minimum set of requirements to be fulfilled in order to qualify as a certified wildlife biologist. These requirements, along with suggested courses to fulfill them at NDSU, are listed on the back of this sheet. Students in fish biology can follow these guidelines, substituting fish and aquatic courses where appropriate. Students should work closely with their academic advisors to develop a program that meets their professional goals.
General Education RequirementsCredits
|First Year Experience |
|Univ. 189 - Skills for Academic Success
| Comm. 110 - Fund of Public Speaking
|Engl. 110, 120 - College Composition I, II
|| 3, 3
|Engl. 324 - Writing in the Sciences
|Stat. 330 - Introductory Statistics
|Science & Technology |
|Bot. 315, 315L - Genetics and Lab
|Chem. 121 - General Chemistry I
|| 3 |
|Chem. 122 - General Chemistry II
|Humanities & Fine Arts
|Social and Behavioral Sciences
|| 2 |
| Cultural Diversity
|| - |
College and Department RequirementsCredits
|Hum/Soc. Science Electives (B.S. Degree)
|| 6 |
|Hum/Soc. Science Electives (B.A. Degree)
|| 12 |
|Second Year Language Proficiency (B.A. Degree)
|| - |
|Biol. 150, 150L - General Biology I and Lab
|Biol. 151, 151L - General Biology II and Lab
|Chem. 121L - General Chemistry I Lab
|| 1 |
|Chem. 122L - General Chemistry II Lab
|Math. 146 - Applied Calculus I
|Chem. 491 - Seminar
Fisheries and Wildlife OptionCredits
|Chem. 240 - Survey of Organic Chemistry
|CSci. 114 - Microcomputer Packages
|Phys. 120 - Fundamentals of Physics
|Zoo. 364 - General Ecology
|Zoo. 475 - Conservation Biology
|Ecology and Behavior Electives
This sample curriculum is not intended to serve as a curriculum guide for current students, but rather an example of course offerings for prospective students. For the curriculum requirements in effect at the time of entrance into a program, consult with an academic adviser or with the Office of Registration and Records.
Dr. Wendy Reed, Department Head
Department of Biological Sciences
North Dakota State University
Stevens Hall 218
PO Box 6050
Fargo, ND 58108-6050
Tel: (701) 231-7087
Fax: (701) 231-7149
Office of Admission
North Dakota State University
Dept 5230, PO Box 6050
Fargo, ND 58108-6050
Tel: (701) 231-8643
Fax: (701) 231-8802