Algebra & Discrete Mathematics Seminar 

                                                                            Fall 2014 Schedule

Location: Minard 214
Time:
Tuesday, 10:00-10:50 a.m.
Organizer: Cătălin Ciupercă

4 Nobember  2014


28 October  2014


7 October  2014


30 September  2014



23 September  2014





16 September  2014


9 September  2014



                                                                           Spring 2014 Schedule

Location: Minard 210
Time:
Tuesday, 10:00-10:50 a.m.
Organizer: Cătălin Ciupercă


6 May  2014

Cătălin Ciupercă, NDSU:
 The concept of multiplicity of a point on an algebraic variety (Part II) 


29 April  2014

Cătălin Ciupercă, NDSU:
 The concept of multiplicity of a point on an algebraic variety (Part I) 



22 April  2014



15 April  2014


25 March  2014



11 March  2014



4 March  2014



25 February  2014


18 February  2014



                                                                           Fall 2013 Schedule


Location: Minard 308
Time:
Tuesday, 10:00-10:50 a.m.
Organizer: Cătălin Ciupercă




10 December  2013




26 Nobember  2013



19 Nobember  2013




12 November  2013





29 October  2013

Jason Boynton, NDSU


22 October  2013


15 October  2013


1 October  2013



24 September  2013


17 September  2013


10 September  2013




Spring 2013 Schedule

Location: Minard 210
Time:
Tuesday, 10:00-10:50 a.m.
Organizer: Cătălin Ciupercă





2 April  2013
Sean Sather-Wagstaff, NDSU: Rings of Prime Characteristic (part III)



26 March  2013
Sean Sather-Wagstaff, NDSU: Rings of Prime Characteristic (part II)



19 March  2013
Sean Sather-Wagstaff, NDSU: Rings of Prime Characteristic
Abstract:  Let (R,m,k) be a commutative noetherian local ring. A famous result of Auslander, Buchsbaum, and Serre says that R is regular if and only if the residue field k has finite projective dimension. Other ring-theoretic properties (e.g., complete intersection and Gorenstein) have similar characterizations. If R contains a field of characteristic p > 0, then the Frobenius module R' has a similar ability to characterize properties of R. Essentially, R' is a copy of R viewed as an R-module via the ring homomorphism R \to R given by r \mapsto r^p. We will discuss various aspects of this parallel world, beginning with basic computations, and ending with a recent characterization of dualizing complexes which is joint work with Saeed Nasseh.




26 February  2013
Azer Akhmedov, NDSU:  Left-orderable groups with almost free actions




19 February  2013
Azer Akhmedov, NDSU:  Left-orderable groups with almost free actions
Abstract: I will prove a classical result that any countable left-orderable group is isomorphic to a subgroup of Homeo(R). If the action is free, then the group is Archimedean and therefore Abelian. It is also a classical result (Barbot-Kovacevic) that if every non-identity element has at most one fixed point then the group is metaabelian. We'll discuss almost free actions in a more relaxed sense and study the algebraic consequences.



12 February  2013
Azer Akhmedov, NDSU: Left-orderable groups 
Abstract: This talk is aimed at a very general audience, and will serve as a preparation for the next talk. We will study basic properties of left-orderable and bi-orderable groups. Many examples will be provided.



Fall 2012 Schedule


Location: Minard 340
Time:
Tuesday, 10:00-10:50 a.m.
Organizer: Cătălin Ciupercă





4 September  2012
Sean Sather-Wagstaff, NDSU: Applications of semidualizing modules
Abstract: In these talks, I will present some applications of semidualizing modules. The point is to explain some motivation for studying these gadgets. Applications will include the following: compositions of ring homomorphisms of finite G-dimension, growth rate bounds for Bass numbers, and structure results for quasi-deformations. I will include plenty of background. In particular, I will not assume any prior background knowledge about semidualizing modules. These talks will be geared toward graduate students.


11 September  2012
Sean Sather-Wagstaff, NDSU: Applications of semidualizing modules II
Abstract: see above.


18 September  2012
Sean Sather-Wagstaff, NDSU: Applications of semidualizing modules III
Abstract: see above.


25 September 2012
Sean Sather-Wagstaff, NDSU: Applications of semidualizing modules IV
Abstract: see above.


2 October 2012  no seminar


9 October  2012
Jessica Striker, University of Minnesota: Toggle group actions on posets
Abstract: In this talk, we introduce the toggle group, which acts on the order ideals of a partially ordered set, or poset. We use the toggle group to model actions on various objects important in combinatorics, including partitions, plane partitions, Dyck paths, and Young tableaux. This perspective allows us to find easy proofs of the cyclic sieving phenomenon, in which the number of objects invariant under a cyclic action is given by specializing the generating function at a certain root of unity. This is based on joint work with Nathan Williams.



16 October  2012
Rich Wicklein, NDSU:  Codualizing Modules
Abstract: We'll define the concepts of semidualizing and quasidualizing modules. We'll then define a codualizing module, which is a common framework for discussing both ideas. We'll look at some examples and some natural questions that arise.
Mark Batell, NDSU: A note on factorization in polynomial rings




30 October  2012
Tom Dunn, NDSU: A Linear Formula for the Generalized Multiplicity Sequence



6 November  2012

Kosmas Diveris,  St. Olaf College: Vanishing of self-extensions over symmetric algebras
Abstract: The Auslander-Reiten (AR) quiver of an Artin algebra is a combinatorial device for organizing the indecomposable modules over the algebra.  In the case of symmetric algebras, the combinatorial structure of this quiver is well suited for investigating modules with eventually vanishing self-extensions.  In fact, one can determine when the vanishing of self-extensions must begin for any such module based on its position in the AR quiver.  In this talk, we will explain how one can use the combinatorial data of the AR quiver to prove such a fact and discuss connections with a conjecture of Auslander and Reiten.  This is based on joint work with Marju Purin of St. Olaf College.






Spring 2012 Schedule

Location: Morrill 109
Time: Tuesday, 10:00-10:50 a.m.
Organizer: Cătălin Ciupercă


1 May 2012
Josef Dorfmeister, NDSU:
Calc III meets Homological Algebra
Abstract: I will show what Green's Theorem, Stokes' Theorem and Gauss' Theorem of Calc III fame have to do with chain maps and (co-)homology. I will define DeRham cohomology, singular homology and show that Stokes' Theorem (not the Calc III version) shows that integration of forms on simplices is a chain map between DeRham cohomology and (singular homology)*.



10 April 2012
Pye Aung, NDSU:
Nagata’s Idealization and the Amalgamated Duplication of a Ring along an Ideal
Abstract: If R is a commutative ring with identity and E is an R-module, then the idealization R \ltimes E, called "Nagata’s idealization" of E, is a new ring, containing R as a subring. Marco D’anna and Marco Fontana introduced in 2007 a new general construction, denoted R \bowtie E; it is called the ""amalgamated duplication" of a ring R along an R-submodule E of T(R), the total ring of fractions of R. When E^2=0, this new construction coincides with R \ltimes E. I will present definitions and some basic properties of these two constructions, and briefly discuss the case when E is an ideal in R and E is semi-dualizing as an R-module.



27 March 2012

Sean Sather-Wagstaff, NDSU:
Factorizations of local ring homomorphisms (Part II)



20 March 2012
Sean Sather-Wagstaff, NDSU:
Factorizations of local ring homomorphisms
Abstract:
Let f: R --> S be a homomorphism of commutative rings. Many techniques for studying R-modules focus on finitely generated modules. As a consequence, these techniques are not well-suited for studying S as an R-module. However, a technique of Avramov, Foxby, and Herzog sometimes allows one to replace the original homomorphism with a surjective one f': R' --> S where R and R' are tightly connected. In this setting, S is a cyclic R'-module, so one can study it using finitely generated techniques. I will give a general introduction to such factorizations, followed by a discussion of some new results on "weakly functorial properties" of such factorizations and applications. The new results are joint with Saeed Nasseh.



6 March 2012
Jason Boynton, NDSU:
An introduction to the ring Int(D) (part II)

Abstract: PDF


28 February 2012
Jason Boynton, NDSU:
An introduction to the ring Int(D)

Abstract: PDF



21 February 2012

Azer Akhmedov, NDSU: Hamiltonian cycles in some homogeneous graphs (part III)

14 February 2012

Azer Akhmedov, NDSU: Hamiltonian cycles in some homogeneous graphs (part II)



7 February 2012
Azer Akhmedov, NDSU: Hamiltonian cycles in some homogeneous graphs
Abstract: L.Lovasz has conjectured (1970) that all vertex transitive graphs, except 5 of them, are Hamiltonian. We discuss/prove this conjecture for some examples of vertex transitive graphs; these examples turn out to be useful in musical theory.

31 January 2012

Cătălin Ciupercă, NDSU: Kronecker (general) extensions II


 24 January 2012

Cătălin Ciupercă, NDSU: Kronecker (general) extensions



    



Fall 2011 Schedule


Location: Minard 336
Time: Tuesday, 10:00-10:50 a.m.
Organizer: Cătălin Ciupercă




22 November 2011


Rocío Blanco, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha: Combinatorial resolution of binomial ideals
Abstract: In this talk we will construct an algorithm of resolution of singularities for binomial ideals in arbitrary characteristic. To resolve binomial ideals we define a modified order function, E-order, as the order along a normal crossing divisor E. With this E-order function we construct a resolution function that drops after blowing up and which provides only combinatorial centers. This kind of centers preserve the binomial structure of the ideal after blowing up. The output of this procedure is a locally monomial ideal that can be easily resolved to achieve a log-resolution.




25 October 2011
Kristen Beck, University of Arizona: Asymmetric linear complete resolutions over a short local ring
Abstract: Let (R,m) be a local ring satisfying m^4=0.  The goal of this talk is to investigate the existence of a certain class of totall reflexive R-modules which are characterized by asymmetry in their complete resolutions.  Such a phenomenon is known to occur, by work of Jorgensen and Șega (2005).


18 October  2011

Sean Sather-Wagstaff, NDSU: Totally reflexive modules, or How to resolve freely in both directions
Abstract: I will present an introduction to the concept of totally reflexive modules. In particular, I hope to prove that a module over a noetherian ring is totally reflexive if and only if it has a complete resolution. I will define these new terms, and present several examples. This talk is a pre-seminar, in preparation for Kristen Beck's talk on October 25.


11 October 2011


Thomas Robinson, NDSU:
A classical non-trivial example of a vertex operator algebra constructed in full from scratch (part II)



27 September 2011
Thomas Robinson, NDSU: A classical non-trivial example of a vertex operator algebra constructed in full from scratch
Abstract: I will begin by giving a (very) brief history of the classical algebraic theory of vertex (operator) algebras and why algebraists began studying them. It is somewhat difficult to construct even one interesting example of a vertex algebra. There are two main classical algebraic approaches to do this. I will focus on one of these approaches first developed by Frenkel, Lepowsky and Meurman. Some new techniques streamlining the original approach will allow me to give from scratch a complete construction of one non-trivial example of a vertex algebra in a reasonable amount of time. Then finally this example can be easily used to demonstrate one of the classical applications of vertex algebras, the construction of certain infinite dimensional Lie algebras.



20 September 2011

Jim Coykendall, NDSU: A survey of Factorization (part II)



13 September 2011

Jim Coykendall, NDSU: A survey of Factorization
Abstract: Since about 1990, there has been much attention paid to the study of factorization in integral domains. Factorization is classically fundamental in number theory and algebra and has myriad applications (perhaps the most familiar of which is the application to coding theory). The general study of factorization in integral domains is the
study of the multiplicative structure of a domain. Familiar examples include Euclidean domains, PIDs, and UFDs, but more exotic examples include finite factorization domains (FFDs), bounded factorization domains (BFDs), and atomic domains (the largest class of domains where irreducible factorizations exist for an arbitrary nonzero nonunit).

In this sequence of two talks, we will review some of these interesting domains (there will be a number of examples for illumination purposes) and some of their fundamental properties and pathologies. We will also explore some natural questions about stability of these factorizations in polynomial, power series, and other extensions. We will also review some very recent developments concerning Kaplansky conditions and the contrast with monoid factorizations.

This talk will be mostly survey and will be aimed at a beginning graduate student audience. All interested parties are encouraged to attend!





Spring 2011 Schedule

Location: Minard 304A (Seminar Room)
Time: Tuesday, 10:00-10:50 a.m.
Organizer: Cătălin Ciupercă





3 May 2011

Pye Aung, NDSU: Baer's Criterion and Whitehead Problem
Abstract:  This talk is an expository talk about tests for injectivity and projectivity of modules, and their connection to the Whitehead Problem. Projectivity and injectivity can be viewed as dual concepts, hence many definitions and theorems are possible to be "dualized" including some equivalent conditions (or tests) of projectivity and injectivity. Those facts will be formulated using the functor Ext. However, when one attempts to find a projective counterpart of the Baer's criterion for injectivity, difficulties arise leading to the first-known undecidable statement outside set theory.



26 April 2011

Saeed Nasseh, NDSU: Lifting of DG modules over DG algebras
Abstract:  We are mainly concerned with the generalizations of a result of Auslander, Ding and Solberg about lifting of modules. In particular, we apply DG techniques to investigate lifting properties for DG-modules over DG algebras.



19 April 2011

Rich Wicklein, NDSU: A connection between the Koszul complex and Tor
Abstract:  Let (R, m, k) be a local ring and M an R-module. A result of Lescot relates vector space dimension over k of H_i(M \otimes_R K(x)), where K(x) is the Koszul complex, and vector space dimension of Tor^R_i(k,M). I will discuss an alternate proof of Lescot’s result. This talk should be accessible to anyone who has completed 721 or has a basic understanding of modules.



12 April 2011

Tom Dunn, NDSU: Multiplicities in Local Rings



1 March 2011

Jim Coykendall, NDSU: Norms in Rings of Algebraic Integers (Part II)

Abstract:  We will present from the beginnings the concept of a norm in a ring of algebraic integers. Some basic number theory will be reviewed to demonstrate this concept. After the general concept is introduced, we will concentrate on the utility of the norm in gleaning factorization information of the ring that can be obtained from the factorization properties of the multiplicative monoid of norms. Many examples will be presented to (hopefully) provide clarity. Our aim is to present this from a basic and intuitive point of view.



22 February 2011

Jim Coykendall, NDSU: Norms in Rings of Algebraic Integers

Abstract:  We will present from the beginnings the concept of a norm in a ring of algebraic integers. Some basic number theory will be reviewed to demonstrate this concept. After the general concept is introduced, we will concentrate on the utility of the norm in gleaning factorization information of the ring that can be obtained from the factorization properties of the multiplicative monoid of norms. Many examples will be presented to (hopefully) provide clarity. Our aim is to present this from a basic and intuitive point of view.



15 February 2011

Sean Sather-Wagstaff, NDSU: Nakayama's Lemma for Ext and ascent of module structures II



8 February 2011

Sean Sather-Wagstaff, NDSU: Nakayama's Lemma for Ext and ascent of module structures

Abstract: 
Let f: (R,m,k) -> (S,mS,k) be a flat local ring homomorphism, and let M be a finitely generated R-module. We show that the following are equivalent:
(i) M has an S-module structure compatible with its R-module structure;
(ii) Ext^i_R(S,M)=0  for i>0;
(iii) Ext^i_R(S,M) is finitely generated over R for i=1,...,dim_R(M);
(iv) Ext^i_R(S,M) is finitely generated over S for i=1,...,dim_R(M);
(v) Ext^i_R(S,M) satisfies Nakayama's Lemma over R for i=1,...,dim_R(M).

This improves upon recent results of Frankild, Sather-Wagstaff, and Wiegand and results of Christensen and Sather-Wagstaff. This is joint work with Ben Anderson and Jim Coykendall.




Fall 2010 Schedule


Location: Minard 304A (Seminar Room)
Time: Tuesday, 10:00-10:50 a.m.
Organizer: Cătălin Ciupercă



16 November 2010

Jason Boynton, NDSU: The D+M Construction and a Generalization
Abstract: In 1976 J.W. Brewer and E.A. Rutter investigated certain ring and ideal theoretic properties that behave nicely in the now well-studied D+M construction. In more recent years, it has become fashionable to consider such pullback constructions in greater generality. We will survey some past and present results concerning the transfer of ring and ideal theoretic properties in a special case of a pullback diagram called a conductor square.





9 November 2010

Sean Sather-Wagstaff, NDSU:
Bass Numbers and Semidualizing Modules (part III)
Abstract: Let (R,m,k) be a Cohen-Macaulay local ring. We are interested in a question of Huneke on the rate of growth of the sequence of Bass numbers m^i = rank_k(Ext^i(k,R)). In previous work, we showed that, if R has a semidualizing module that is not free and not dualizing, then the sequence {m^i} is unbounded. This reduces the original question of Huneke down to the case where R has only trivial semidualizing modules. We discuss a method for reducing generalizations of Huneke's question down to the same case.



2 November 2010

Sean Sather-Wagstaff, NDSU:
Bass Numbers and Semidualizing Modules (part II)
Abstract: Let (R,m,k) be a Cohen-Macaulay local ring. We are interested in a question of Huneke on the rate of growth of the sequence of Bass numbers m^i = rank_k(Ext^i(k,R)). In previous work, we showed that, if R has a semidualizing module that is not free and not dualizing, then the sequence {m^i} is unbounded. This reduces the original question of Huneke down to the case where R has only trivial semidualizing modules. We discuss a method for reducing generalizations of Huneke's question down to the same case.



26 October 2010

Sean Sather-Wagstaff, NDSU:
Bass Numbers and Semidualizing Modules
Abstract: Let (R,m,k) be a Cohen-Macaulay local ring. We are interested in a question of Huneke on the rate of growth of the sequence of Bass numbers m^i = rank_k(Ext^i(k,R)). In previous work, we showed that, if R has a semidualizing module that is not free and not dualizing, then the sequence {m^i} is unbounded. This reduces the original question of Huneke down to the case where R has only trivial semidualizing modules. We discuss a method for reducing generalizations of Huneke's question down to the same case.




12 October 2010


Cătălin Ciupercă, NDSU:
Constructing prime ideals



5 October 2010


Azer Akhmedov, NDSU:
Some examples of finitely generated infinite simple groups




28 September 2010

Azer Akhmedov, NDSU:
Some examples of finitely generated infinite simple groups







Spring 2010 Schedule


Location: Minard 304A (Seminar Room)
Time: Tuesday, 10:00-10:50 a.m.
Organizer: Cătălin Ciupercă



29 April 2010

Micah Leamer, University of Nebraska, Lincoln:
Torsion in tensor products over commutative rings

Abstract: Let R be a commutative local domain. We are interested in finding conditions under which the tensor product of two torsion free modules is torsion free.  In particular when R is one dimensional and M is a torsion free R-module, which is not free, does M tensored with Hom(M,R) always have torsion. We explore the special case where R is a subring of a discrete valuation domain and show that at least for monomial ideals the problem can be simplified to working with submonoids of the natural numbers.  This work is inspired by an attempt to make progress on the following conjecture:  Let M be a maximal Cohen-Macaulay R-module. If M tensored with Hom(M,R) is maximal Cohen-Macaulay then M is free. When R is one dimensional being maximal Cohen-Macaulay is equivalent to being torsion free.  The one dimensional case is relevant since it has been  shown that proving the conjecture for one dimensional Gorenstein rings is equivalent to proving the conjecture for Gorenstein rings of arbitrary dimension.



6 April 2010

Azer Akhmedov, NDSU:
On Shreier Graphs of Groups (II)


30 March 2010

Azer Akhmedov, NDSU:
On Shreier Graphs of Groups



2 March 2010

Saeed Nasseh, NDSU:
Symmetry in the Vanishing of Ext (II)



23 February 2010

Saeed Nasseh, NDSU:
Symmetry in the Vanishing of Ext



16 February 2010

Bethany Kubik, NDSU:
Evaluation Homomorphisms

Abstract:
R is a local noetherian ring and A, N, and I are R-modules. The Hom evaluation homomorphism is the map \theta_{ANI}:A\Otimes\Hom{N,I}\rightarrow\Hom{\Hom{A,N},I}.  This map is known to be an isomorphism only under certain conditions placed upon the modules.  We will expand the conditions under which the Hom evaluation is an isomorphism.  In particular we will show that when A is artinian, N is noetherian and Matlis reflexive, and I is injective, the Hom evaluation homorphism is an isomorphism.


9 February 2010

Sean Sather-Wagstaff, NDSU:
Extension and Torsion Functors for Artinian Modules (III)



2 February 2010

Sean Sather-Wagstaff, NDSU:
Extension and Torsion Functors for Artinian Modules (II)



26 January 2010

Sean Sather-Wagstaff, NDSU:
Extension and Torsion Functors for Artinian Modules


Abstract:
Let R be a commutative noetherian ring. It is well known that if N and N' are noetherian R-modules, then the modules Ext^i_R(N,N') and Tor^R_i(N,N') are also noetherian. Similarly, if N is a noetherian R-module and A is an artinian R-module, then the modules Ext^i_R(N,A) and Tor^R_i(N,A) are artinian. We will discuss basic properties of artinian modules. Then we will state and prove some properties of Ext and Tor modules when applied to other combinations of noetherian modules, artinian modules, and Matlis reflexive modules. This is joint work with Bethany Kubik (NDSU) and Micah Leamer (UNL).





Fall 2009 Schedule


Location: Minard 304A (Seminar Room)
Time: Tuesday, 10:00-10:50 a.m.
Organizer: Cătălin Ciupercă



8 December 2009

Azer Akhmedov, NDSU:
On linear groups

Abstract:
A group is linear if it admits a faithful representation in GL(n,k) for some natural number n and some field k. In this talk I will present some (well known) results about linear groups. The talk is aimed at a general audience.
 

24 November 2009

Cătălin Ciupercă, NDSU: Integral closure modulo generic elements (III)



17 November 2009

Cătălin Ciupercă, NDSU: Integral closure modulo generic elements (II)


10 November 2009

Cătălin Ciupercă, NDSU:  Integral closure modulo generic elements


27 October 2009

Bethany Kubik, NDSU:
Quasidualizing Modules and their relationship to Semidualizing Modules

Abstract: Let R be a local complete noetherian ring. A noetherian R-module C is semidualizing if Hom_R(C,C)is isomorphic to R and Ext_R^i(C,C)=0 for all i greater than or equal to 1. We introduce and study the artinian counterpart which we call a quasidualizing module. We explore the relationship between these two concepts through Matlis Duality.


20 October 2009

Sean Sather Wagstaff, NDSU: Semidualizing modules for rings of codimension 2 (part II)


13 October 2009

Sean Sather Wagstaff, NDSU: Semidualizing modules for rings of codimension 2

Abstract: Semidualizing modules are algebraic objects that are objects for the study of several aspects of commutative noetherian rings. However, the program of completely understanding the structure of the collection of such modules is still far from complete. We will provide a criterion for characterizing the semidualizing modules over Cohen-Macaulay rings of codimension 2, and we will prove that several classes of rings satisfy this criterion: generically Gorenstein rings (e.g., reduced rings), rings arising from fat point schemes, and rings that are obtained as quotients by monomial ideals. This is joint work with Susan Cooper.


6 October 2009

Azer Akhmedov, NDSU: On the girth of groups

Abstract: I'll introduce the notion of girth of a finitely generated group, and will mention examples of groups with finite as well as infinite girth. It is a classic theorem of J.Tits that every finitely generated linear group is either virtually solvable or contains non-abelian free subgroup. This result is called Tits Alternative. I'll introduce the so-called Girth Alternative, and compare it with Tits Alternative.


29 September 2009

Stacy Trentham, NDSU: MCD (maximal common divisor) Rings

Abstract: In this talk, we will be looking at MCD domains. In particular, we will examine some properties of polynomial extensions of MCD domains. We will end by generalizing the MCD property to include rings with zero divisors to see if polynomial extensions of these rings possess properties similar to their domain counterparts.


15 September 2009
Sean Sather-Wagstaff, NDSU:
Hilbert-Kunz multiplicities


8 September 2009
Cătălin Ciupercă, NDSU:
Structure theorems for certain integrally closed ideals






Algebra & Discrete Mathematics Seminar
Spring 2009 Schedule


Location: Minard 304A (Seminar Room)
Time: Thursday, 10:00-10:50 a.m.
Organizer: Cătălin Ciupercă



30 April 2009
Bethany Kubik, NDSU
: Quasidualizing modules


23 April 2009
Sean Sather-Wagstaff, NDSU
: Semidualizing modules: Some background, an application, and some structure (part III)


16 April 2009
Sean Sather-Wagstaff, NDSU
: Semidualizing modules: Some background, an application, and some structure (part II)


9 April 2009
Sean Sather-Wagstaff, NDSU
: Semidualizing modules: Some background, an application, and some structure
Abstract:
Semidualizing modules were "discovered" independently by Foxby, Golod, Vasconcelos and Wakamatsu. I learned about them through some work of Avramov and Fozby where semidualizing modules are used to study local ring homomorphisms of finite G-dimension. I plan to give three lectures on this subject. In the first lecture, I will present some background information on these modules. In the second lecture, I will discuss an application of semidualizing modules to a question of Huneke on the rate of growth of the Bass numbers of a local ring. In the third lecture, I will discuss some recent progress on the question of whether a given local ring has exactly 2^n semidualizing modules for some integer n.


12 March 2009

Travis Trentham, NDSU
: A generalization of Krull dimension (part III)


5 March 2009

Travis Trentham, NDSU
: A generalization of Krull dimension (part II)


26 February 2009
Travis Trentham, NDSU: A generalization of Krull dimension
Abstract: In this talk we will look at a generalization of our present notion of Krull dimension. It will be shown that this definition is well-defined in the sense that every ring admits a unique Krull dimension. Further, it wil be shown how Krull dimension is preserved in all ring extensions that are INC and GU. We will also be looking at some interesting pathologies that have presented themselves. If time allows, we will compare the Krull dimensions of R and R[x], where R is a ring having infinite Krull dimension.

22 January 2009
Azer Akhmedov, NDSU: Groups without big tiles and tiles in symmetric spaces with arbitrarily big Heesch number
Abstract: I will discuss the following property of a discrete group G:

(P) Given any finite subset K of G, there exists a finite subset F of G such that F contains K and and F tiles G.

The main question is, do all groups have this property? The answer is negative; I will discuss some ingredients of the construction and related to that, we will see how it helps to construct tiles with arbitrarily big Heesch number in symmetric spaces of rank one simple Lie groups. Interestingly, the idea works in all symmetric spaces (including hyperbolic spaces of dimension greater than two) except for the hyperbolic plane.













Fall 2008 Schedule

Location:      Minard 304A (Seminar Room)
Time:             Tuesday, 11:00-11:50 a.m.
Organizer:    Cătălin Ciupercă

2 September 2008
Josh Lambert, NDSU: The Biplanar Crossing Number of C_k x C_l x C_{2m} x P_n
Abstract

9 September 2008
Azer Akhmedov, NDSU: Perturbations of Wreath Products and Quasi-Isometric Rigidity  I
Abstract:  Groups are often endowed with a left-invariant metric which allows them to be viewed as metric spaces along with the more traditional view of groups as isometries of metric spaces. Starting with the works of Cayley and Dehn, this approach to studying groups has proven to be very fruitful.
     In the early 80's, M.Gromov initiated a broad program of classifying  groups up to quasi-isometry. Based on his deep insight, he conjectured that "algebraic properties of groups are geometric", i.e. groups with quasi-isometric Cayley graphs should share the same (or similar) algebraic properties. This phenomenon is called a quasi-isometric rigidity.
    Some sporadic counterexamples to this conjecture were known. By introducing the notion of perturbation of wreath products of groups,I show that many-many algebraic properties fail to be invariants of quasi-isometry. In fact, one can initiate a counter-program to say that if a property does not satisfy certain finiteness condition then most likely it is not preserved under quasi-isometry.
    For my constructions, I introduce a new class of groups which I call traveling salesman groups. These groups are interesting independently and have proven to be useful in other areas as well, e.g. in the theory of amenable groups.
   The first talk is for a very general audience. In the second talk I will mainly discuss traveling salesman groups.

16 September 2008
Azer Akhmedov, NDSU: Perturbations of Wreath Products and Quasi-Isometric Rigidity   II


30 September 2008
Catalin Ciuperca, NDSU: Numerical criteria for integral dependence


7 October 2008
Catalin Ciuperca, NDSU: Numerical criteria for integral dependence II


14 October 2008
Sean Sather-Wagstaff, NDSU: Gorenstein presentations and semidualizing modules
Abstract: A famous result of Foxby, Reiten and Sharp says that a Cohen-Macaulay local ring admits a dualizing module if and only if it is a homomorphic image of a Gorenstein ring. We augment this result by showing that such a ring admits a nontrivial semidualizing module if and only if it admits a Gorenstein presentation Q/I such that the ideal I has a nontrivial decomposition. This is joint work with David Jorgensen and Graham Leuschke.

21 October 2008
Sean Sather-Wagstaff, NDSU: Gorenstein presentations and semidualizing modules II


28  October 2008
Hamid Rahmati, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Title:
Contracting endomorphisms and Gorenstein modules
Abstract:
A finite module M over a noetherian local ring (R, m, k) is said to be Gorenstein if Ext_R^i(k,M)=0 for all i \ne dim R. An endomorphism f: R --> R of rings is called contracting if f^i(m) \subseteq m2 for some i \geq 1. Letting S denote the R-module R with action induced by f, we prove: A finite R-module M is Gorenstein if and only if Hom_R(S,M) \cong M and Ext_R^i(S,M) = 0 for 1 \leq i \leq \depth R.

4 November 2008
Yong Hou, NDSU
Title:  Geometry of Kleinian Group


18 November 2008
Yong Hou, NDSU
Title:  Fractal Dimensions and Geometric Dynamics


25 November 2008
Sean Sather-Wagstaff, NDSU
Title: Homological properties of modules
Abstract: In this talk, I will present some background information in preparation for David Jorgensen's seminar scheduled for 02 December. I will discuss Ext, depth, and some aspects of modules over Gorenstein rings.


2 December 2008
Dave Jorgensen, University of Texas at Arlington
Title:  Existence of totally reflexive modules
Abstract:  Totally reflexive modules over a commutative local ring behave much like maximal Cohen-Macaulay modules do over a Gorenstein ring.  The point of this talk is to investigate the existence of non-free totally reflexive modules over local (usually Cohen-Macaulay) non-Gorenstein rings.  We will briefly survey what is known, as well as discuss some recent results from joint work with Kristen Beck, and with Meri Hughes and Liana Sega.














Spring 2008 Schedule

Location:       Minard 304A (Seminar Room)
Time:             Thursday, 12:00 - 12:50 p.m
Organizer:     Cătălin Ciupercă


7 February 2008
Cătălin Ciupercă, NDSU:
Asymptotic properties of ideals

21 February 2008
Cătălin Ciupercă, NDSU:
Asymptotic properties of ideals II

28 February 2008
Cătălin Ciupercă, NDSU:
Asymptotic properties of ideals III

13 March 2008
Sean Sather-Wagstaff, NDSU: Duality in algebra
Abstract: I will present some examples, some theory and some applications of algebraic duality.

20 March 2008
Sean Sather-Wagstaff, NDSU: Duality in algebra II

27 March 2008
Sean Sather-Wagstaff, NDSU: Duality in algebra III

10 April 2008
Jim Coykendall, NDSU

17 April 2008
Jim Coykendall, NDSU

24 April 2008
Sandra Spiroff, Seattle University: A New Zero Divisor Graph
Abstract: A zero divisor graph of a ring R is a visual representation of the zero divisor activity in R. They have been studied by I. Beck, D. Anderson & P. Livingston, S. Mulay, and C. Wickham, to name just a few. Using a new zero divisor graph introduced by Mulay, one which is constructed from equivalence classes of zero divisors, we identify ring theoretic properties. We will compare and contrast these graphs with the original zero divisor graphs and discuss some results involving the associated primes of the ring. This is joint work with Cameron Wickham.