Commonly-Used Acronyms

AFOSR Air Force Office of Scientific Research (a branch of the U.S. Department of Defense)
AFRI Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (competivite grants program of the U.S. Department of Agriculture)
ARO Army Research Office (a branch of the U.S. Department of Defense)
ARS Agricultural Research Service (the principal in-house research agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture)
DHS U.S. Department of Homeland Security
DHHS U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
DOC U.S. Department of Commerce
DOD U.S. Department of Defense
DOE U.S. Department of Energy
DoED U.S. Department of Education
DOI U.S. Department of Interior
DOJ U.S. Department of Justice
DOL U.S. Department of Labor
DOT U.S. Department of Transportation
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NIFA National Institute of Food and Agriculture (formerly Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service [CSREES] of the U.S. Department of Agriculture)
NIH National Institutes of Health (composed of approximately 27 individual health-related institutes and centers, each with a specific research agenda, often focusing on particular diseases or body systems)
NSF National Science Foundation
ONR Office of Naval Research (a branch of the U.S. Department of Defense)
USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture
USGS U.S. Geological Survey (a branch of the U.S. Department of Interior)
AHA American Heart Association
BAA Broad Agency Announcement (used by Department of Defense agencies to invite proposals)
ERA Electronic research administration (online grant and proposal management)
F&A Facilities and administrative costs (same as “overhead” or “indirect costs” in a grant budget)
GCA NDSU Grant and Contract Accounting Office (handles post award grant accounting)
IDC Indirect costs (same as F&A costs—see above)
IP Intellectual Property (inventions, literary and artistic works, and symbols, names, images, and designs used in commerce - products that can be patented or copyrighted)
PA Program Announcement or Parent Announcement (grant announcement or solicitation)
PI or PD Principal Investigator or Project Director (generic terms for the lead person on a grant project)
PTF Proposal Transmittal Form (used for NDSU internal review and approval of grant proposals)
RFA Request for Applications (similar to RFP; used by NIH)
RFP Request for Proposals (grant announcement or solicitation)
SPA NDSU Sponsored Programs Administration Office (sometimes generically referenced by grant agencies as SPO—Sponsored Programs Office)
STEM Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics

Student Focused. Land Grant. Research Institution.

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