Federal Funding Agency Policies
Federal funding agencies are implementing policies on data management and data sharing in a variety of ways. This page provides a brief summary of policies from major federal funding agencies.
Why the Federal requirement?
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-110 provides the federal administrative requirements for grants and agreements with institutions of higher education, hospitals and other non-profit organizations. In 1999 Circular A-110 was updated to provide public access under some circumstances to research data through the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA).
Policies and Guidelines
Department of Energy (DOE)
DOE's CIO has primary responsibility to ensure that Information Technology (IT) is acquired and information resources are managed in a manner consistent with statutory, regulatory, and Departmental requirements and priorities. With this responsibility, the CIO provides information resources management advice and assistance to the Secretary of Energy and to other senior managers.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
EPA does not have an official data management and sharing policy
Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS)
"IMLS encourages sharing of research data."
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
"NASA promotes the full and open sharing of all data with the research and applications communities, private industry, academia, and the general public."
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
"The Federal Ocean Data Policy requires that appropriate ocean data and related information collected under federal sponsorship be submitted to and archived by designated national data centers."
National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH)
Beginning in Jan 2012, the NEH Office of Digital Humanities will offer Digital Humanities Implement Grants (DHIG). DHIG applicants will be required to submit a data management plan and a sustainability plan.
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
"The NIH expects and supports the timely release and sharing of final research data from NIH-supported studies for use by other researchers. ...[I]nvestigators submitting an NIH application seeking $500,000 or more in direct costs in any single year are expected to include a plan for data sharing or state why data sharing is not possible."
National Science Foundation (NSF)
"Investigators are expected to share with other researchers, at no more than incremental cost and within a reasonable time, the primary data, samples, physical collections and other supporting materials created or gathered in the course of work under NSF grants. Grantees are expected to encourage and facilitate such sharing."
Specific program guidance: