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South-Central/Southeast ND (07/08/21)

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The high daytime temperatures during the first five days of July were hard on all crops and especially small grain. Our current cool period is welcome but substantial weekly rain is needed for our rows crops as most are nearing (dry bean and sunflower) or have entered (soybean) reproductive growth stages. According to NDAWN, the region’s April 1 to July 5 rainfall ranges from 3.3 inches (Dazey and Oakes) to 10.4 inches (Jamestown), with the Carrington REC at 3.7 inches.

Winter rye is in the hard dough stage. Spring-seeded small grain range from flowering to dough stages. Plants are rapidly losing leaves well before seed fill is complete. Advanced corn is nearing the 12-leaf stage – number of seeds per row begins to be determined at this stage. Advanced soybean are at the R2 stage (blossoms on upper 2 nodes of plant), sunflower at R1 and dry bean will soon be at R1 (initial blossoms present).

Upcoming crop tours planned by the Carrington REC:

*Field Day: July 20; 9:30 a.m.

Photo of Contrast in Carrington REC plant conditions on July 6 between dryland durum-left and irrigated spring wheat-right variety trials.

Greg Endres

Extension Cropping Systems Specialist

NDSU Carrington Research Extension Center