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Dr. Katti

Dr. Kalpana Katti
University Distinguished Professor
Graduate Program Coordinator

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Office: CIE 201B
Telephone: (701) 231-9504
Fax: (701) 231-6185

Personal Webpage

Research Interests

  • Biomimetics and Nanotechnology
  • Bone Tissue Engineering
  • Biological nanocomposites (seashells and bone)
  • Transmission and Scanning Electron Microscopy
  • Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy
  • Atomic Force Microscopy and Nanomechanics
  • Vibrational Spectroscopy
The research focus of the Katti research group is Biomimetics and Biomaterials. We strive to understand and design nancomposites for structural and biomedical applications (bone tissue engineering) mimicking biological design from molecular to macroscale. Some of the research projects have included  ultrastructural and mechanics study of hierarchical biological composites such as seashells and bone as well as engineered nanocomposites using nanoclays. We are studying the influence of nanoclays on human mesenchymal stem cells for bone tissue engineering scaffolds.

Awards and Grants (recent)

  1. NCSA (National center for Supercomputing Applications) MRAC: Investigating Role of Mineral and nanoscale Confinement on Mechanical Response of protein in a biological nanocomposite, 100,000 CPU hours (NSF estimates $10/CPU hour) 2003- ongoing
  2. Life-cycle Approaches to Understand the Interactions between Crops and Engineered Nanoparticles at Molecular Level USDA $500K 2011
  3. MRI: Acquisition of a field emission gun scanning electron microscope for research and education NSF ~900K 2009
  4. MRI: Acquisition of a Multipurpose Analytical High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscope for Research and Education in NDSU's Central Multi-User Microscopy Facility NSF ~$1M 2008
  5. Modeling Effect of Molecular Interactions on Evolution of Microstructure and Swelling and Swelling Pressure Responses in Montmorillonite Expansive Clays $210K NSF 2006
  6. NSF CAREER: Biomimetic routes to design of biomaterials, research and Education $375 K NSF 2002
  7. Simulation based materials design of biomimetic nanocomposites $250K NSF 2002
  8. POWRE: Molecular Control of Interfaces in Insitu Polymer-Hydroxyapatite Composites For Bone Replacement NSF $75K 2000
  9. MRI: Acquisition of fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy instrumentation for advanced materials and biomaterials research and education $200K NSF 2004
  10. IMR: Acquisition of Scanning Probe Microscopy and Nanoindentation Instrumentation for Nanomaterials and Biomaterials Research and Education $220K NSF  2004
  11. NCSA (National center for Supercomputing Applications) MRAC: Investigating Role of Mineral and nanoscale Confinement on Mechanical Response of protein in a biological nanocomposite, 100,000 CPU hours (NSF estimates $10/CPU hour) 2003-
  12. NSF IMR Acquisition of a Twin Screw Extruder for Polymer/Bio Nanocomposite Research and Education $148K. 2005
  13. NSF: Symposium Organizing. Symposium Y: Mechanical Properties of Bio-Inspired and Biological Materials Materials Research Society Fall 2004 $10K  2004
  14. NSF SGER Evaluation and modeling of interlayer forces in montmorrillonite for development of particulate based model for swelling clays $41K 2004
  15. Selection of Cost Effective Non-Flammable Pipe Liners ND DOT $10K  2003
  16. A New Approach Towards Multiscale Modeling of Nanocomposites ND EPSCoR $12K  2003

Educational Background

  • Ph.D. 1996, Materials Science and Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
  • M.S. 1989, Solid State Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India.
  • B.S. 1987, Physics, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India.

Recent Publications

  1. A. H. Ambre, D. R. Katti, K. S. Katti, Nanoclays Mediate Stem Cell Differentiation and Mineralized ECM Formation on Biopolymer Scaffolds (2013) Journal of Biomedical Materials Research: Part A ,101A:2644–2660
  2. C. Gu, D. R. Katti, K. S. Katti, (2013) Photoacoustic FTIR spectroscopic study of undisturbed human cortical bone, Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 103, 25-37.
  3. R. Khanna, D.R. Katti, and K.S. Katti, (2012) In Situ Mechanical Response Of Human Osteoblasts On Chitosan-Polygalacturonic Acid-Hydroxyapatite Nanocomposites, CMES- Computer Modeling in Engineering and Sciences Vol.87, No.6, 2012
  4. S. M. Pradhan, K. S. Katti, D. R.  Katti, Dinesh, (2012), "Structural Hierarchy Controls Deformation Behavior of Collagen" Biomacromolecules, 13 (8), pp 2562–2569
  5. S.M.  Pradhan, K. S. Katti and D. R.  Katti (2012), A Multiscale Model of Collagen Fibril In Bone: Elastic Response, ASCE J. of Engineering Mechanics posted ahead of print July 30, 2012. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)EM.1943-7889.0000482

Visit Dr. Kalpana Katti's Personal Website for additional information