NDSU Distance & Continuing Education (DCE)

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Faculty Resources

The Reading Corner

This space provides you with a collection of selected readings related to distance and online education. Highlights include scholarly research, technical articles, evaluation reports and policy documents. Browse through these recommended readings to gain a better understanding of the importance and attention given to distance, online or blended education in the literature.

Should you choose to go beyond the essential readings and investigate further themes in distance and online education, additional links to publications, organizations, institutes and governmental units are provided below.

Note that not all the readings listed link directly to the full documents. Some will require you to login through the NDSU library's website. All references are listed in alphabetical order by the first author's last name, according to the APA style manual.


Annetta, L., & Shymansky, J.A. (2008). A comparison of rural elementary school teacher attitudes toward three modes of distance education for science professional development. Journal of Science Teacher Education, 19(3), 255-267. doi:10.1007/s10972-008-9089-4

Artino, A.R. (2010). Online or face-to-face learning? Exploring the personal factors that predict students' choice of instructional format. The Internet and Higher Education, 13(4), 272-276. doi.10.1016/j.iheduc.2010.07.005

Bernard, R.M., Abrami, P.C., Lou, Y., Borokhovski, E., Wade, A., Wozney, L., Wallet, P.A., Fiset, M., & Huang, B. (2004). How does distance education compare with classroom instruction? A meta-analysis of the empirical literature. Review of Educational Research, 74(3), 379-439. doi:10.3102/00346543074003379

Bickle, M.C., & Carroll, J.C. (2003). Checklist for quality online instruction: Outcomes for learners, the professor and the institution. College Student Journal, 37(2), 208-218. Retreived from http://find.galegroup.com

Bolliger, D.U., & Wasilik, O. (2009). Factors influencing faculty satisfaction with online teaching and learning in higher education. Distance Education, 30(1), 103-116. doi:10.1080/01587910902845949

Conrad, D. (2005). Building and maintaining community in cohort-based online learning. Journal of Distance Education, 20(1), 1-20. Retrieved from http://www.jofde.ca/index.php/jde/article/view/78

Husson, W.J., & Waterman, E.K. (2002). Quality measures in distance learning. Higher Education in Europe, 27(3), 253-260. doi:10.1080/0379772022000014989

Mandernach, B.J., Donnelli, E., Dailey, A., & Schulte, M. (2005). A faculty evaluation model for online instructors: Mentoring and evaluation in the online classroom. Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, 8(3). Retrieved from http://www.westga.edu/~distance/ojdla/fall83/mandernach83.htm

McGorry, S.Y. (2003). Measuring quality in online programs. The Internet and Higher Education, 6(2), 159-177. doi:10.1016/S1096-7516(03)00022-8

Rovai, A.P., & Downey, J.R. (2010). Why some distance education programs fail while others succeed in a global environment. The Internet and Higher Education, 13(3), 141-147. doi:10.1016/j.iheduc.2009.07.001

Rubin, B., Fernandes, R., Avgerinou, M.D., & Moore, J. (2011). The effect of learning management systems on student and faculty outcomes.The Internet and Higher Education, 13(1/2), 82-83. doi:10.1016/j.iheduc.2009.10.008

Savery, J.R. (2005). BE VOCAL: Characteristics of successful online instructors. Journal of Interactive Online Learning, 4(2), 141-152. Retrieved from http://www.ncolr.org/jiol/issues/getfile.cfm?volID=4&IssueID=15&ArticleID=73

Schrire, S. (2004). Interaction and cognition in asynchronous computer conferencing. Instructional Science, 32(6), 475-502. doi:10.1007/s11251-004-2518-7

Simonson, M., Scholsser, C., & Orellana, A. (2011). Distance education research: A review of the literature. Journal of Computing in Higher Education, 23(2/3), 124-142. doi:10.1007/s12528-011-9045-8

Swan, K., Matthews, D., Bogle, L., Boles, E., & Day, S. (2011). Linking online course design and implementation to learning outcomes: A design experiment. The Internet and Higher Education. doi:10.1016/j.iheduc.2011.07.002

Van de Vord, R. (2010). Distance students and online research: Promoting information literacy through media literacy. The Internet and Higher Education, 13(3), 170-175. doi:10.1016/j.iheduc.2010.03.001

Villar, L.M., & Alegre, O.M. (2008). Measuring faculty learning in curriculum and teaching competence online courses. Interactive Learning Environments, 16(2), 169-181. doi:10.1080/10494820701365937

Woods, R., Baker, J.D., & Hopper, D. (2004). Hybrid structures: Faculty use and perception of web-based courseware as a supplement to face-to-face instruction. The Internet and Higher Education, 7(4), 281-297. doi:10.1016/j.iheduc.2004.09.002


Boettcher, J.V. (2011, February). Evidence of learning online: Assessment beyond the paper. Campus Technology. Retrieved from http://campustechnology.com/articles/2011/02/23/assessment-beyond-the-paper.aspx

Demski, J. (2010, July). A better blend. Campus Technology. Retrieved from http://campustechnology.com/articles/2010/07/01/a-better-blend.aspx?sc_lang=en

Hai-Jew, S. (2010). An instructional design approach to updating an online course curriculum. EDUCAUSE Quarterly, 33(4). Retrieved from http://www.educause.edu/library/EQM10413

Matchett, N.L, & Main, C. (2010). Faculty collaboration at a distance: Using online peer review to improve course design. EDUCAUSE Quarterly, 33(3). Retrieved from http://www.educause.edu/library/EQM10315

Schaffhauser, D. (2010, September). Getting faculty buy-in for the LMS. Campus Technology. http://campustechnology.com/articles/2010/09/29/getting-faculty-buy-in-for-the-lms.aspx?sc_lang=en


Abel, R. (2005). Achieving success in internet-supported learning in higher education: Case studies illuminate success factors, challenges, and future directions. Retrieved from the Alliance for Higher Education Competitiveness website: http://www.a-hec.org/media/files/A-HEC_IsL0205_6.pdf

Allen, I.E., & Seaman, J. (2010). Learning on demand: Online education in the United States, 2009. Retrieved from The Sloan Consortium website: http://sloanconsortium.org/publications/survey/pdf/learningondemand.pdf

Allen, I.E., & Seaman, J. (2010). Class differences: Online education in the United States, 2010. Retrieved from The Sloan Consortium website: http://sloanconsortium.org/sites/default/files/class_differences.pdf

Johnson, L., Smith, R., Willis, H., Levine, A., & Haywood, K., (2011). The 2011 Horizon Report. Retreived from The New Media Consortium website: http://www.nmc.org/pdf/2011-Horizon-Report.pdf

Means, B., Toyama, Y., Murphy, R., Bakia, M, & Jones, K. (2009). Evaluation of evidence-based practices in online learning: A meta-analysis and review of online learning studies. Retrieved from the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Planning, Evaluation and Policy Development website: http://www2.ed.gov/rschstat/eval/tech/evidence-based-practices/finalreport.pdf

Parsad, B., & Lewis, L. (2008). Distance Education at Degree-Granting Postsecondary Institutions: 2006–07 (NCES 2009–044). Retrieved from the U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences website: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2009/2009044.pdf