Types of Assessment
Posted on Apr, 17 2012
Purposeful assessment ensures student learning and informs teaching practices. There are two main types of assessment: formative and summative. While summative assessment is vital to the learning process, formative assessment is just as important and useful.
Formative assessment represents feedback provided to students regularly during a class/unit/semester, aimed at making adjustments for both the teacher and the students in the learning process. It can consist of observation, teacher-guided questioning, classroom discussion, informal conversations, exit slips/cards, quizzes, etc.
Summative assessment systematically measures student understanding at key points in the learning process, via tests, exams, papers, presentations, projects, authentic performances or other instruments that culminate in a cumulative evaluation of knolwedge.