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Linda Langley, Ph.D.

Associate Professor
Department of Psychology
Center for Visual and Cognitive Neuroscience

North Dakota State University
Office: 232D2 Minard Hall
Phone: (701)231-7343

Cognitive Aging Lab

Research Interests

My research examines the patterns of cognitive functioning associated with normal aging, with a focus on age-related changes in selective attention and visual search performance. I am specifically interested in the role of inhibitory cognitive processes in guiding attention and search. Recent research has focused on the role of context (emotional content of stimuli, predictable patterns in stimulus presentation) in modifying age-cognition patterns. Current projects examine (a) attention factors that influence older adults' driving performance, (b) training interventions that enhance older adults' attention skills and everyday activities, and (c) electrophysiological indicators of age-related differences in visuospatial orienting.


Ph.D., 1998, University of Minnesota, Cognitive and Biological Psychology

B. A., 1991, College of St. Scholastica, Psychology and Gerontology

Professional Experience

Associate Professor, 2009-present, Department of Psychology, North Dakota State University

Assistant Professor, 2002-2009, Department of Psychology, North Dakota State University

Research Associate, 1999-2002, Center for the Study of Aging, Duke University Medical Center

Postdoctoral Fellow, 1998-1999, Division of Medical Psychology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Courses Taught

PSYC 471/671: Psychology of Aging

PSYC 351: Research Methods II

PSYC 731: Fundamental Processes of Cognition

PSYC 464/664: Attention And Thinking


Fuentes, L. J., Vivas, A. B., Langley, L. K., Chen, Q., & Gonzalez-Salinas, C. (in press). Inhibitory mechanisms in the attentional networks: A multidisciplinary approach. In M. I. Posner (Ed.), Cognitive neuroscience of attention (2nd ed.).

Langley, L. K., Friesen, C. K., Saville, A. L., & Ciernia, A. T. (2011). Timing of reflexive visuospatial orienting in young, young-old, and old-old adults. Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, 73, 1546-1561.

Langley, L. K., Gayzur, N. D., Saville, A. L., Morlock, S. L., & Bagne, A. G. (2011). Spatial distribution of attentional inhibition is not altered in healthy aging. Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, 73, 766-783.

Anderson, L. N., McCaul, K. D., & Langley, L. K. (2011). Common-sense beliefs about the prevention of Alzheimer's disease. Aging and Mental Health, 15, 922-931.

Langley, L. K., Rokke, P. D., Stark, A. C., Saville, A. L, Allen, J. L., & Bagne, A. G. (2008). The emotional blink: Adult age differences in visual attention to emotional information. Psychology and Aging, 23, 873-885.

Langley, L. K., Saville, A. L., Gayzur, N. D., & Fuentes, L. J. (2008). Adult age differences in attention to semantic context. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 15, 657-686.

Langley, L. K., Fuentes, L. J., Vivas, A. B., & Saville, A. L. (2007). Aging and temporal patterns of inhibition of return. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 62B, P71-P77.

Kingery, L. R., Schretlen, D. J., Sateri, S., Langley, L. K., Marano, N. C., & Meyer, S. M. (2006). Interrater and test-retest reliability of a fixed condition design fluency test. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 20, 729-740.

Johnson, B. M., Miltenberger, R. G., Knudson, P., Egemo-Helm, K., Kelso, P., Jostad, C., & Langley, L. (2006). A preliminary evaluation of two behavioral skills training procedures for teaching abduction prevention skills to school-age children. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 39, 25-34.

Fuentes, L. J., Langley, L. K., & Vivas, A. B. (2006). Effects of brain lesions, psychopathology, and ageing on inhibitory processing: Evidence from attention orienting tasks. In S. Ballesteros (Ed.) Ageing, cognition, and neuroscience (pp. 31-33). Madrid, Spain: UNED.

Langley, L. K., Vivas, A. B., Fuentes, L. J., & Bagne, A. G. (2005). Differential age effects on attention-based inhibition: Inhibitory tagging and inhibition of return. Psychology and Aging, 20, 356-360.

Madden, D. J., Langley, L. K., Thurston, R. C., Whiting, W. L., & Blumenthal, J. A. (2003). Interaction of blood pressure and adult age in memory search and visual search performance. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 10, 241-254.

Madden, D. J., & Langley, L. K. (2003). Age-related changes in selective attention and perceptual load during visual search. Psychology and Aging, 18, 54-67.

Whiting, W. L., Madden, D. J., Langley, L. K., Denny, L. L., Turkington, T. G., Provenzale, J. M., Hawk, T. C., & Coleman, R. E. (2003). Lexical and sublexical components of age-related changes in neural activation during visual word identification. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 15, 475-487.

Madden, D. J., Langley, L. K., Denny, L. L., Turkington, T. G., Provenzale, J. M., Hawk, T. C., & Coleman, R. E. (2002). Adult age differences in visual word identification: Functional neuroanatomy by positron emission tomography. Brain and Cognition, 49, 297-321.

Madden, D. J., Turkington, T. G., Provenzale, J. M., Denny, L. L., Langley, L. K., Hawk, T. C., & Coleman, R. E. (2002). Aging and attentional guidance during visual search: Functional neuroanatomy by positron emission tomography. Psychology and Aging, 17, 24-43.

Langley, L. K., Fuentes, L. J., Overmier, J. B., Bastin de Jong, C., & Prod'Homme, M. M. (2001). Attention to semantic and spatial information in aging and Alzheimer's disease. Psicologica, 22, 293-323.

Langley, L. K., Fuentes, L. J., Hochhalter, A. K., Brandt, J., & Overmier, J. B. ( 2001). Inhibition of return in aging and Alzheimer's disease: Performance as a function of task demands and stimulus timing. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 23, 431-446.

Langley, L. K., & Madden, D. J. (2000). Functional neuroimaging of human memory: Implications for cognitive aging. Microscopy Research and Technique, 51, 75-84.

Langley, L. K. (2000). Cognitive assessment of older adults. In R. L. Kane and R. A. Kane (Eds.), Assessing older persons: Measures, meaning, and practical applications (pp. 65-128). New York: Oxford University Press.

Langley, L. K., Overmier, J. B., Knopman, D. S., & Prod'Homme, M. M. (1998). Inhibition and habituation: Preserved mechanisms of attentional selection in aging and Alzheimer's disease. Neuropsychology, 12, 353-366.

Wilson, A. L., Langley, L. K., Monley, J., Bauer, T., Rottunda, S., McFalls, E., Kovera, C., & McCarten, J. R. (1995). Nicotine patches in Alzheimer's disease: Pilot study on learning, memory, and safety. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior, 51, 509-514.

Wilson, A. L., McCarten, J. R., Langley, L. K., Bauer, T. D., Monley, J., Rottunda, S., McFalls, E., & Kovera, C. (1995). Transdermal nicotine administration in Alzheimer's disease: Effects on cognition, behavior and cardiac function. In K. Iqbal, J. A. Mortimer, B. Winblad, & H. M. Wisniewski (Eds.), Research advances in Alzheimer's disease and related disorders (pp. 305-314). Chinchester, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Grant Support

Langley, L. K., (PI) and Gordon, R. D. (Co-I). National Science Foundation (NSF) ADVANCE Leap Grant. "Video Game Training to Enhance Cognition and Functioning in Older Adults." HRD-0811239, 9/09-9/10. $25,000.

McCourt, M. E. (PI), Langley, L. K. (PD), Gordon, R. D. (PD), and Friesen, C. K. (PD) NIH ARRA Administrative Supplement to Advance Translational Research. "Video Game Training to Enhance Visual Cognition and Everyday Functioning in Older Adults." 7/1/09-6/31/11, $948,383.

Kurt Johnson (PI), Kimberly Vachal (Co-I), Linda Langley (Co-I), Mark McCourt (Co-I), Rob Gordon (Co-I), and Mark Brady (Co-I). Federal Highway Administration, University Transportation Centers Program, DTRT07-G-0008, "Rural Road Signage: Simulated Driving to Evaluate Low-Cost Safety Improvements for Older Drivers," 7/1/08-6/30/10, $110,000.

Mark McCourt (PI/PD), Chris Friesen (PD), Robert Gordon (PD), Linda Langley (PD), and Mark Nawrot(Co-I). National Institute of Health (NIH) Centers of Biomedical Research Excellence (COBRE). "Center for Visual Neuroscience." 9/20/04-9/19/09, $8,920,000. [Individual Project: "Inhibition and Age-Related Changes in Visual Search;" Individual Budget: $663,000].

Mark McCourt (PI/PD) and Linda Langley (Co-I). National Institute on Aging (NIA) Pilot Research Grant Program (R03). "Aging Effects on Multisensory Integration." 8/15/03-8/14/05, $70,500.

Linda Langley (PI/PD). National Science Foundation/North Dakota EPSCoR New Faculty Startup, "Age-Related Changes in Visual Search," 8/15/02-4/30/05, $60,000.

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