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List of Tables, Figures, Schemes, etc.

If you use tables, figures, schemes, equations, or other non-text items in the chapters of your disquisition, then you must also include a list of those items in the prefatory material. Other non-text items for which a list could be created include (but are not limited to) maps, illustrations, photographs, cartoons, etc. Tables, figures, schemes, and non-text items should be integrated into the text of your disquisition. For more information, see Tables, Figures, Schemes, etc.

For more information about how to create lists for non-text elements, refer to the style manual that is used in your discipline.

All tables, figures, schemes, and non-text elements that appear in the text must be included in the prefatory lists. A List of Equations is optional, unless you use a large number of equations.

Do not combine multiple types of items into the same list. For example, if you use both tables and figures in your disquisition, then you must include a List of Tables and a List of Figures.

If you use tables, figures, schemes, and non-text elements in the appendix or appendices, then you must create a List of Appendix Tables, Figures, Schemes, Etc. as well, which identifies those items that appear in your appendices. Do not include appendix items in the normal Lists of Tables, Figures, Schemes, etc.

If you use a large number of equations in the disquisition, you should include a List of Equations in your prefatory material. For more information, see Equations.

Example – For an example of a List of Tables, List of Figures, and List of Schemes in the correct formats, download this file.

  • Alignment – Numbers for items must be aligned flush against the left margin. Page numbers must be aligned flush with the right margin.
  • To avoid awkward gaps between words, do not justify the alignment.
  • Dot leaders – Use dot leaders to connect the last word of each title with the page number where that item appears.
  • Entries – The titles that are included in the lists must be identical to the titles that appear in the appendices. This includes wording, punctuation, and capitalization.
  • Do not allow headings to extend into the page number column. You might need to force a line break.If the title for an entry is longer than one line, indent the subsequent lines to align with the first word of the title. Subsequent lines for an entry should not align with the number for that entry.
  • Font and Margins – The font must be the same size and type as the rest of your disquisition. The margins must also be the same size as the rest of your disquisition.
  • Numbering – Items must be numbered sequentially based on the type of item (such as “Table A1” and “Figure A1”).
  • If you use only one appendix, then non-text items should be numbered sequentially within the appendix, and distinguished with the letter “A” that precedes the number (such as A1, A2, A3, and so on).

    If you use multiple appendices, then use letters that correspond with the letter of the appendix. For example, the first table that appears in Appendix B would be numbered “Table B1”.

  • Order – The lists of appendix material appears after the List of Tables, Figures, Schemes, etc. For more information, see Required Order of Elements.
  • Page numbers – Page numbers must be consistent with the rest of the disquisition. This is considered part of the prefatory material, and must use lower-case Roman numerals.
  • Spacing – Use double-spacing between entries in the lists. If the title of an entry is longer than one line, use single-spacing between the lines of that entry.
  • Automated Lists – Microsoft Word can create automated lists. If you do use automated lists, make sure that you follow the guidelines that are listed here. For more information about how to create automated lists, contact the Technology Learning & Media Center (TLMC), or review their "Thesis Formatting Resources" on their website (


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NDSU Graduate School
Phone: +1 (701) 231-7033
Campus address:  106 Putnam Hall
Physical/delivery address:  NDSU Graduate School/106 Putnam Hall/1349 12th Avenue Northwest/Fargo, ND 58102
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Last Updated: Tuesday, January 28, 2014 8:14:48 PM
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