Professor, Pharmacy Practice
123E Sudro Hall
Doctor of Philosophy, Economics, 2000
Washington State University
Bachelor of Arts, Economics, 1996
Gustavus Adolphus College
Senior Associate Dean, College of Health Professions
Professor, Department of Pharmacy Practice
Social and Administrative Sciences Faculty
Committees (Selected List)
School of Pharmacy Assessment Committee
School of Pharmacy Admissions Committee
College of Health Professions Student Affairs Committee
College of Health Professions Dean’s Liaison Committee
NDSU President’s Council on Campus Well-Being
NDSU Commission on the Status of Women Faculty
Areas of Expertise
Health Economics and Management Science
Outcomes Assessment in Pharmacy, Health Care and Education
American Economic Association
Academy of Business Economics
Business and Health Administration Association
Association for Institutional Thought
CHP 190, Critical Thinking and Academic Success
CHP 489, Health Services Capstone
CHP 301, Research Methods in Health Services
Selected Recent Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles (150+ Journal Articles)
“New Posterior Distributions for the Incidence of Inefficiency in DEA Scores,” Communications in Statistics – Theory and Methods, 2021, Vol. 50, No. 8, pp. 1774-1780 DOI: 10.1080/03610926.2019.1653920 (with Mehmet Guray Unsal and Robert Rosenman).
“Appraisal of the Entrustable Professional Activities Interprofessional Team Member Domain Performed by North Dakota Pharmacists,” Pharmacy Practice, 2021, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 2179-2186 (with David Scott, Michael Kelsch, and Anqing Zhang).
“Information Entropy and Scale Development,” Journal of Survey Statistics and Methodology, 2021, forthcoming (with Carl S. Bozman, Faith Valente, Matthew McPherson, and Anqing Zhang).
“Mapping the Inter-Relationships between Community Assets,” International Journal of Social Economics, 2020, Vol. 47, No. 10, pp. 1299-1309 (with Carl S. Bozman and Matthew McPherson).
“Relationships among Upgrades in Academic Qualifications, Practice Accreditations, Self-Efficacy, Outcome Expectations, and Nurses’ Career Interests,” Journal of Nursing Management, 2020, Vol. 28, pp. 461-470 (with Ching-I Teng, Tzu-Ling Huang, Lun-Hui Ho, Shu-Ling Yeh, and Chieh-Ling Lai).
“Do Tenure and Promotion Reduce Faculty Research Productivity? Evidence from a School of Pharmacy,” Innovations in Pharmacy
, 2019, Vol. 10, No. 4, Article 21; DOI: doi.org/10.24926/iip.v, (with David Scott and Michael Kelsch).
“Assessing the Impact of Medical Laboratory Resource Allocations on Hospital Finances” Hospital Topics, 2019, Vol. 97, No. 4, pp. 119-132 (with Kelly Haugen and Matthew McPherson).
“Emergency Department Utilization among Individuals with Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension,” International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, 2019, Vol. 32, No. 1, pp. 152-163 (with Sean Murphy, Robert Rosenman, Carin Waslo, Johnathan Au and Emmanuel Tanne).
“Study Abroad Course for Pre-pharmacy and Pharmacy Students to Learn about Global Health,” American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 2019, Vol. 83, No. 8, Article 6866 (with David Scott, Cynthia Naughton and Kelly Haugen).
“Identifying Peers in International Tax Competition,” Applied Economics Letters, 2018, Vol. 25, No. 9, pp. 584-587 (with Andrew Brajcich, Matthew McPherson and Tim Schibik).
“Towards a Working Profile of Medical Bankruptcy,” Journal of Financial Counseling and Planning, 2018, Vol. 29, No. 1, pp. 75-90 (with Erica Johnson and Donald Hackney).
“Did the Time Frame Associated with the Affordable Care Act Noticeably Impact Consumer Bankruptcy Filings?” International Journal of Social Economics, 2017, Vol. 44, No. 12, pp. 1957-1972 (with Erica H. Johnson and Don Hackney).
“Does Improved Medication Adherence Reduce Inpatient Hospital Expenditures?” International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Marketing, 2017, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 248-270 (with David Scott, Anqing Zhang and Tom Christensen).
"Feasibility of Telepharmacy Services as a Way to Increase Access to Asthma Care" Journal of Asthma, 2017, Vol. 54, No. 9, pp. 961-967 (with Wendy Brown, David Scott and Tara Schmitz).
“Perceived Sustainability of Community Telepharmacy in North Dakota,” Journal of the American Pharmacists Association, 2017, Vol. 57, No. 3, pp. 362-368 (with David Scott, Gabby Anderson, Teri Undem, Kelli Sem and Charles Peterson).
“Asset Mapping, the Social Fabric Matrix, Economic Impact Analysis, and Criteria for Sustainability and Justice: Operational Elements for Holistic Policy Planning,” Journal of Economic Issues, 2017, Vol. 51, No. 3, pp. 813-827 (with Dan Underwood).
“What is the Actual Prevalence of Medical Bankruptcies?” International Journal of Social Economics, 2016, Vol. 43, No. 12, pp. 1284-1299 (with Erica Johnson and Donald Hackney).
“Do U.S. Pharmaceutical Companies Strategically Shift Income to International Affiliates?” Multinational Business Review, 2016, Vol. 24, No. 1, pp. 8-24 (with Andrew Brajcich and Tim Schibik).
Selected Conference Proceedings, Technical Reports, Presentations and Other Publications (50+)
“Consumer Bankruptcy as an Evolutionary Marker in Community Development,” 2021 MBAA International/Academy of Business Economics Conference and Proceedings (with Donald Hackney and Vivek Patil).
“Developing and Implementing a Bachelor of Science in Health Services Program: Successes, Failures, and Lessons Learned,” 2021 MBAA International/Business and Health Administration Conference and Proceedings (with Kelly Friesner).
“Threading the Needle: A Quality Improvement Project to Optimize Intravenous Drug Use Documentation and Subsequent Healthcare,” 2020 American College of Clinical Pharmacy Annual Conference and Proceedings, (with Amber Slevin, Melissa Perkins, Katherine Kessel, Mark Strand, and Brody Maack). Proceeding is published in the Journal of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy, Vol. 3, No. 8, p. 1527.
“Predicting Student Performance during the First Semester of a Health Professions Program,” 2020 MBAA International/Business and Health Administration Conference and Proceedings (with Cynthia Naughton and Kelly Haugen).
“Is it Financially Viable to Minimize Hospital-Acquired Infections? Empirical Evidence from Rural Hospitals in Washington State,” 2020 MBAA International/Business and Health Administration Conference and Proceedings (with Matthew McPherson and Kelly Haugen).
“Pharmacist Medication Regimen Review on Discharge from Skilled Nursing Facility Stay to Independent Living,” 2019 American Society of Consultant Pharmacists Annual Conference and Proceedings, 2019 (with Justice Witt, Mark Dewey, and Marketa Marvanova).
“Development of a Simple Model to Identify At-Risk Professional Students,” 2019 MBAA International/Business and Health Administration Conference and Proceedings (with Kelly Haugen).
“Do Specific Behavioral Patterns in High Stakes Online Testing Environments Lead to Better Test Outcomes? Empirical Evidence from a Doctor of Pharmacy Program,” 2019 MBAA International/Business and Health Administration Conference and Proceedings (with Dan Cernusca).
“Pharmacist Conducted Medication Regimen Review for Patients Returning to Independent Living Following Skilled Nursing Facility Stay,” 2018 American Society of Consultant Pharmacists Annual Conference and Proceedings (with Jayson Thompson, Mark Dewey and Marketa Marvanova). Poster abstract published in The Consultant Pharmacist, Vol. 33, No. 10, p.573.
“Pharmacist Conducted Patient Education and Discharge Follow-up in a Rural Hospital,” 2017 American Society of Health-System Pharmacists Annual Conference and Proceedings (with Becky Horne Dunn, Mark Dewey and Allison Goedker).
“Scheduling the Pharmacy College Admissions Test (PCAT) to Maximize Success,” 2017 MBAA International/Business and Health Administration Association Conference and Proceedings, (with Kelly Haugen and Amanda Groom).
“Should Pre-Professional Pharmacy Students Select Online Courses?” 2017 MBAA International/Business and Health Administration Association Conference and Proceedings, (with Kelly Haugen).