### Course Availability

Courses numbered 700 and above are offered when needed. The core Ph.D. courses (PHYS 752, 758, 761, 771, 781) and PHYS 782 are typically offered on a six-semester cycle. Contact your adviser for details.

For a complete listing of courses offered at NDSU during a particular semester, check out the Class Schedule published by the Office of Registration and Records.

### Graduate Course Offerings

PHYS 611 | Optics for Scientists and Engineers | |

PHYS 611L | Optics for Scientists and Engineers Laboratory | |

PHYS 613 | Lasers for Scientists and Engineers | |

PHYS 615 | Elements of Photonics | |

PHYS 655 | Classical Mechanics | |

PHYS 662 | Heat and Thermodynamics | |

PHYS 663 | Statistical Mechanics | |

PHYS 681 | Introduction to Solid State Physics | |

PHYS 685 | Quantum Mechanics I | |

PHYS 686 | Quantum Mechanics II | |

PHYS 752 | Mathematical Methods in Physics I | |

PHYS 753 | Mathematical Methods in Physics II | |

PHYS 758 | Statistical Physics | |

PHYS 761 | Electromagnetism | |

PHYS 771 | Quantum Physics I | |

PHYS 772 | Quantum Physics II | |

PHYS 781 | Solid State Physics | |

PHYS 782 | Condensed Matter Physics | |

PHYS 790 | Graduate Seminar | |

PHYS 798 | Master's Thesis | |

PHYS 899 | Doctoral Dissertation |

### PHYS 611: Optics for Scientists and Engineers

*3 credits, offered every fall*

Introduction to modern optics. Geometric optics, electromagnetic nature of light, polarization, interference, diffraction, fiber optics. Corequisite laboratory with major related optics project.

*P**rereq: PHYS 252. Coreq: PHYS 611L. Cross-listed with ECE.*

### PHYS 611L: Optics for Scientists and Engineers Laboratory

*1 credit, offered every fall*

Required laboratory for PHYS/ECE 611. Ten optics experiments plus a major related optics project.

*Coreq: PHYS 611. Cross-listed with ECE.*

**Lab Fee: $25.00**

### PHYS 613: Lasers for Scientists and Engineers

*3 credits, offered in the spring of odd-numbered years*

Lecture and laboratory introduction to lasers. Spontaneous and stimulated transitions, line-broadening, gain, gain saturation, optical resonators, Fabry-Perot interferometers, theory of laser oscillation, rate equations, transverse modes, coherence, and Gaussian beams.

### PHYS 615: Elements of Photonics

*3 credits, offered in the spring of even-numbered years*

Analysis of optical systems using the matrix formulation, wave propogation in anisotropic media, electro-optic effect and laser modulation, physical orgin of optical non-linearities, phase matching, optical second harmonic and parametric generation.

### PHYS 655: Classical Mechanics

*3 credits, offered in the fall of odd-numbered years*

Lagrangian dynamics, central force, rigid body motion, small oscillations, Hamiltonian dynamics, canonical transformations, dynamics of continuous systems.

### PHYS 662: Heat and Thermodynamics

*3 credits, offered in the fall of even-numbered years*

Classical principles and laws of thermodynamics. Cyclic processes and entropy functions. Legendre differential transformations. Maxwell relations, stability and phase transitions, critical phenomena.

### PHYS 663: Statistical Mechanics

*3 credits, offered in the spring of odd-numbered years*

The Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution function and its applications to thermodynamic problems. Introduction to kinetic theory. Introduction to Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac statistics.

### PHYS 681: Introduction to Solid State Physics

*3 credits, offered on demand*

Crystal structure and binding, reciprocal lattices and x-ray diffraction, lattice vibrations, thermal properties, free electron model, band theory, magnetism, superconductivity.

*Prereq: PHYS 485.*

### PHYS 685: Quantum Mechanics I

*3 credits, offered in the fall of odd-numbered years*

Operators, one-dimensional wells and barriers, Schrodinger equation, uncertainty, duality, Born interpretation, unstable states, bosons and fermions, central force problems, angular momentum, spin.

### PHYS 686: Quantum Mechanics II

*3 credits, offered in the spring of even-numbered years*

Continuation of PHYS 685. Perturbation theory, angular momentum addition, variational schemes, WKB method, scattering theory, time-dependent problems.

*Prereq: PHYS 685.*

### PHYS 752: Mathematical Methods in Physics I

*3 credits*

Review of practical mathematical methods routinely used by physicists, including applications. Focus on differential equations, variational principles, and other selected topics.

*Cross-listed with MATH 782. Typically taught by the Department of Physics.*

### PHYS 753: Mathematical Methods in Physics II

*3 credits*

Tensor analysis, matrices and group theory, special relativity, integral equations and transforms, and selected advanced topics.

*Prereq: PHYS 752. Cross-listed with MATH 783. Typically taught by the Department of Mathematics.*

### PHYS 758: Statistical Physics

*3 credits*

Review of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics; Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics simulation; applications to phase transitions.

*Prereq: PHYS 463.*

### PHYS 761: Electromagnetism

*3 credits*

Review of Maxwell's equations, radiation, collisions between charged particles, dynamics of relativistic particles and fields.

*Prereq: PHYS 361.*

### PHYS 771: Quantum Physics I

*3 credits*

Schrodinger equation, wave packets, uncertainty, angular momentum, spin, second quantization, harmonic oscillator, resistance mechanisms.

*Prereq: PHYS 486.*

### PHYS 772: Quantum Physics II

*3 credits*

Continuation of PHYS 771.

*Prereq: PHYS 771.*

### PHYS 781: Solid State Physics

*3 credits*

Crystal structure and binding, reciprocal lattices and x-ray diffraction, lattice vibrations, thermal properties, free electron model, band theory, magnetism, superconductivity.

*Prereq: PHYS 485/685.*

### PHYS 782: Condensed Matter Physics

*3 credits*

An introduction to soft condensed matter, focusing on colloids, polymers, liquid crystals, surfactants, and biological systems. Topics will include characterization of soft materials, interparticle interactions, structure, equilibrium phase behavior, non-equilibrium properties, and practical applications.

*Prereq: PHYS 463/663.*

### PHYS 790: Graduate Seminar

*1-3 credits, offered every semester*

Each student will present a seminar on a literature topic or current research and attend all other seminars.

### PHYS 798: Masters Thesis

*1-10 credits, offered every semester*

Masters Thesis research.

### PHYS 899: Doctoral Dissertation

*1-15 credits, offered every semester*

Doctoral Dissertation research.