## Physics

#### 212 Topics Detail

1. Electric Forces and Fields [typically includes:  electric charge & Coulomb's law; electric field; electric flux & Gauss's law; superposition principle & conservation of charge; conductors & insulators; source & quantization of charge; polarization]
2. Electric Potential [typically includes:  electric potential energy & work; electric potential (voltage) & relation to electric field; capacitors, parallel plate capacitor, & capacitors in series and parallel; energy stored in electric field; equipotential surfaces & metals; dielectrics]
3. Electric Currents and Circuits [typically includes:  electric current & Ohmic resistance; DC circuits, batteries, &Kirchhoff's rules; circuit analysis for DC circuits with resistors & capacitors; charging & discharging a capacitor]
4. Magnetic Fields and Forces [typically includes:  permanent magnets and forces involving permanent magnets; magnetic fields; magnetic force on moving charge and current; torque on current loops; Ampere's law; magnetic materials]
5. Magnetic Induction [typically includes:  magnetic flux & Faraday's law; Lenz's law; inductance & solenoids; RL circuits; energy stored in magnetic field; applications:  generators, etc.]
6. Alternating-Current Circuits and Machines [typically includes:  AC voltages, root-mean-square values, & phasors; analysis of AC circuits:  resistor, capacitor, inductor, LC, & RLC; impedance; resonance]
7. Electromagnetic Waves [typically includes:  qualitative description, speed of light, production & propagation; properties:  energy, momentum, radiation pressure, & intensity; electromagnetic spectrum; polarization; Doppler effect]
8. Geometrical Optics [typically includes:  rays & the law of reflection; refraction:  Snell's law; total internal reflection; dispersion; mirrors and lenses:  ray tracing & mirror/lens equation]
9. Wave Optics [typically includes:  coherence conditions & phase changes upon reflection; thin-film interference; single- & double-slit interference; resolution (Rayleigh criterion)]
10. Applications of Optics [typically includes:  eyeglasses; magnifying glasses; microscopes & telescopes]
11. Relativity [typically includes:  Einsteinâ€™s postulates; time dilation, length contraction, & twin paradox; simultaneity; relativistic energy, momentum, & mass; introduction to general relativity & black holes]
12. Quantum Theory [typically includes:  blackbody radiation & Planck's quantization hypothesis; photoelectric effect; particle-wave dualism, de Broglie wavelength, & double-slit experiment; spin; Heisenberg uncertainty principle; wave function & tunneling]
13. Atomic Theory [typically includes:  planetary models of the atom; atomic spectra; Bohr's model of the atom; x-ray generation; hydrogen atom; Pauli exclusion principle & multi-electron atoms; periodic table]
14. Nuclear Physics [typically includes:  structure of the nucleus, isotopes, & nuclear forces; radioactive decay, half-life, & radioactive dating; nuclear reactions:  fusion and fission]
15. Physics in the 21st Century [optional, but typically includes:  matter & antimatter; elementary particle physics & unification of the fundamental forces; astrophysics & the universe (Big Bang, dark matter, & dark energy)]

Student Focused. Land Grant. Research University.