#### 252 Topics Detail

1. Electric Charge [typically includes:  charge, electric force, conductors vs. insulators, & polarization; subatomic nature of charge; Coulomb’s law; quantization & conservation of charge]
2. Electric Fields [typically includes:  definition & electric field lines; electric fields of point charges, dipoles, & extended objects; acceleration of a point charge in an electric field; dipole in an electric field (torque & potential energy)]
3. Gauss’ Law [typically includes:  electric flux & Gaussian surfaces; Gauss’ law, utilizing symmetry to determine electric fields (e.g., line of charge, sheet of charge, uniform sphere, & spherical shell); conductors (inside & outside)]
4. Electric Potential [typically includes:  work & electric potential energy; electric potential & voltage; equipotential surfaces; relation between potential & field; potential due to point charges, dipoles, & continuous charge distributions; potential of an isolated conductor; electric potential energy of a system of point charges & conservation of energy]
5. Capacitance [typically includes:  definition & charging a capacitor; determining capacitance (e.g., parallel plate, cylindrical); capacitors in parallel & series; energy stored in electric field & electric energy density; dielectrics]
6. Current & Resistance [typically includes:  definition of current; current density & drift speed; definitions of resistance, resistivity, & conductivity; relation between resistance & resistivity; Ohm’s law; power in electric circuits]
7. DC Circuits [typically includes:  batteries & emf; Kirchhoff’s rules, single & multiloop circuits; real batteries, internal resistance, & grounding; RC circuits (charging & discharging)]
8. Magnetic Fields [typically includes:  sources of magnetic fields; magnetic force on a charged particle, cross product, & right-hand rule; magnetic field lines; circular motion in a magnetic field; crossed fields & the Hall effect; magnetic force on a current-carrying wire (torque on a current loop, electric motors, magnetic dipole moment, & magnetic potential energy)]
9. Magnetic Fields Due to Currents [typically includes:  direction of magnetic fields due to currents (right-hand rule); Biot-Savart law (e.g., infinite straight wire, circular arc of wire, axis of wire loop); force between parallel currents; Ampere’s law (e.g., solenoids, toroids)]
10. Induction & Inductance [typically includes:  Faraday’s law & magnetic flux; Lenz’s law; power & electric generators; induced electric fields; inductors & inductance (solenoids); energy stored in magnetic field & magnetic energy density; RL circuits (rise & decay of current)]
11. Electromagnetic Oscillations & AC Circuits [typically includes:  LC oscillator, electrical-mechanical analogy, & natural angular frequency; undriven series RLC circuit & damping; alternating current & emf supplied by a generator, driving angular frequency; driven oscillations in a resistor, capacitor, & inductor (reactance, phasor diagrams, power, & rms values); driven series RLC circuit (impedance, current amplitude, phase constant, resonance, & average power)]
12. Maxwell’s Equations & Magnetism in Matter [typically includes:  Gauss’ law for magnetism; induced magnetic fields, Maxwell’s law of induction, Ampere-Maxwell law, & displacement current; summary of Maxwell’s equations; qualitative description of permanent magnets & geomagnetism]
13. Waves [typically includes:  transverse vs. longitudinal waves; wave function properties (wavelength, angular wave number, frequency, angular frequency, period, amplitude, phase constant, transverse velocity & acceleration); relation between wave speed, wavelength, & frequency; wave speed on a string; energy & power associated with a wave on a string; superposition, interference, & phase difference; reflections at boundaries; standing waves on a string & resonance]
14. Sound Waves* [typically includes:  speed of sound; displacement & pressure amplitudes; two-source interference & relation to path-length difference; intensity & decibel scale; standing waves & musical sounds; beats; Doppler effect; supersonic speeds & shock waves]
15. Electromagnetic Waves [typically includes:  production & description of EM waves; right-hand rule for E, B, and v; electromagnetic spectrum & relation between wavelength & frequency; energy transport, Poynting vector, intensity, & relation between electric & magnetic energy densities; radiation momentum, force, & pressure; reflection; refraction, index of refraction, & Snell’s law; dependence of wavelength & speed on index of refraction; Huygens’ principle; dispersion; total internal reflection; polarization]
16. Geometrical Optics [typically includes:  real vs. virtual images & mirages; plane mirrors; spherical mirrors; spherical refracting surfaces; thin lenses & multi-lens systems; optical instruments]
17. Interference [typically includes:  phase difference due to materials with differing indices of refraction; phase difference due to path-length difference; double-slit interference (fringe locations & variation of intensity); thin-film interference & phase-shift due to reflection]
18. Diffraction [typically includes:  definition of diffraction; single-slit diffraction (locating the minima); diffraction by a circular aperture & resolvability]
19. Special Relativity* [typically includes:  Einstein’s postulates; relativity of simultaneity; time dilation; length contraction; Lorentz transformation; relativity of velocities; Doppler effect for light; relativistic momentum & energy; mass-energy equivalence]

indicates optional chapter or topic.