All About Peat Moss

By Amanda Buynak

Using Peat Moss | Acadian Peat Moss | Home

Peat moss was formed several thousand years ago and is a result of the decomposition of vegetation without oxygen. This plant does not contain nutrients but helps to store them. You could compare peat moss to a sponge, because it's large cell structure helps it to absorb water. Peat moss is known to have a slightly acidic composition which helps to keep weeds out and is generally applied to clay like soils. It is also known for its ability to regulate moisture and air around the plants in a flower bed. Peat moss is also known for adding humus to flower beds, when added. More than 25% of the peat moss, that is used, comes out of Canada.

Uses of Peat Moss:

1) Save water-retains up to 20 times its weight in moisture

2) Aerate Heavy, Clay Soil-loosen soils

3) Bind Sandy Soil-adds substince to sandy soils

4) Reduce Leaching-helps in the loss of nutrients in or added to the soil

5) Protect Soil-from hardening and adds organic material

6) Make Better Compost-speeds composting process, reduces odours, and controls air and water movement


Peat moss is harvested by the clearing of the bogs of vegetation and digging shallow ditches so that the peat moss will dry and equipment can then be brought in to harvest. A harrow is used to loosen the top layer of peat moss. This is then left to dry for two to three hours and then can be vacuumed into large harvestors. It is then transported where it can be screened, graded, and baled for storage or shipment.