Whenever I hear
the word daisy, I immediately picture a flower with white petals and a
yellow center, however with just a little research, I have come to realize
that the Daisy family (or Compositae family) consists of over 1200 species!
It encompasses many types of flowers that I have never associated with
daisies, such as Chrysanthemums, Sunflowers, Marigolds, and Asters.
name daisy stems from the Old English terms for 'day's eye'. This referring
to the action of the daisy's blossoms, which open in the morning and close
in the evening. I found so many different species of the daisy family that
I chose to focus on the Shasta daisy, common name for Chrysanthemum X Superbum
or Chrysanthemum maximum, which fits my idea of "the daisy".
belong to the genus Chrysanthemum, as indicated by its scientific name
mentioned above. The American horticulturist, Luther Burbank, developed
the Shasta daisy. He accomplished this by interbreeding wild species of
chrysanthemums from all over the world for fifteen years. The result was
a beautiful flower with white petals and a golden yellow center (to me-
the typical daisy).
The Shasta daisy
is a perennial that ranges in size from 1-3 feet, with flowers growing
as large as six inches, but generally ranging from 2-3 inches. They are
best grown in zones 4-10 and in full sunlight. The soil should be fertile,
moist (during growing season), and well drained (when dormant). They generally
bloom in midsummer (June/July) and last until fall. Shasta daisies can
be used as a perennial border, ground cover, or as cut flowers (lasting
up to ten days).
I have covered
just one of the 1200+ species from the daisy family, which leaves about
1199 for you to explore…enjoy! Feel free to check out the links below to
learn more about your favorite type of daisy!
Pat's Web Graphics
Perry's Perennial Page
This page was created for Dr. Chiwon Lee's class, Plant Science 211, at North Dakota State University.