Professional Information


At NDSU, my primary teaching interests and responsibilities are threefold. I teach College of Health Professions 190: Critical Thinking and Academic Success. This course used to be University Studies/Pharmacy Practice 189: Skills for Academic Success at NDSU. I also teach other economics, management or finance courses (most notably PHRM 485/685: Economic Outcomes Assessment) as needed by the NDSU College of Health Professions. PHRM 485/685 is a course that is available to Doctor of Nursing Practice, Doctor of Pharmacy and Master of Public Health students. I also guest lecture in various courses, including Nursing Health Promotion (NURS 250), Introduction to Health Care Systems (PHRM 352) and Health Outcomes Research (MPH 712). Lastly, I have team taught in the required Pharmacy Management course (PHRM 475), concentrating mostly on issues related to business strategy, financial management and entrepreneurship. 

Prior to working at NDSU, I taught economics, statistics and mathematics in a number of AACSB-accredited business schools. I taught at all levels, from the principles-level through MBA-level courses. 

While I enjoy teaching just about anything related to economics and statistics, I tend to teach quantitatively-oriented microeconomics-type courses (as opposed to macroeconomics). I have also developed an interest in teaching game theory (and other, quantitative elements of business strategy), and try to incorporate it into my courses as content and time permit.

To view information on my courses, please go to NDSU's Blackboard site:


I am a health economist and applied econometrician (or economic statistician). Very broadly, I work on topics at the intersection between the provision of health care and economic development. I work in all areas of this intersection, including the use of economic modeling to analyze behavior in health related markets (both general and those specific to pharmacy), the use of health care (both pharmacy and more generally) as an economic development tool, and the health-related consequences of economic and financial decisions. Some examples include the following:

Since coming to NDSU, I have become interested in conducting research on the topic of "tele-pharmaceutical care", which is the use of distance technology to maintain and restore pharmacy services to rural and/or medically underserved areas. Tele-pharmaceutical care also offers pharmacists a unique opportunity to become entrepreneurs, rural public health leaders and a focal point for local economic development initiatives. 

Another portion of my research examines the efficiency, productivity and quality of health care in hospitals, clinics and community pharmacies. I am also interested in examining how factors such as government policies and for-profit/nonprofit competition impact health care efficiency and quality. 

I am interested in examining the unintended consequences of public policies on the health and welfare of disadvantaged groups. Two sets of policies I find particularly interesting are i) those that impact welfare recipients, and ii) those that impact the decisions of consumers, especially those with outstanding medical debt and child care obligations, to file for bankruptcy.

In the past, I have also worked with business outlook data to better characterize local economic conditions.

I dabble in the field of "economic epidemiology", which attempts to incorporate economic principles into epidemiological models to better understand and predict the spread of infectious diseases. I am particularly interested in the economic epidemiology of the HIV/AIDS epidemic.

Lastly, I enjoy using the research process to improve my teaching, so I also have a few publications in the field of economic education. 

While I am a quantitatively oriented person, my approach to scholarship is pluralistic. I believe in using the theoretical and methodological approaches that are most appropriate for the problem being analyzed. Sometimes that means using a standard (neoclassical) economic technique, and other times it requires an institutional, a sociological, a psychological, a nursing or other framework. 


Download a copy of my vitae. This is a pdf file, which is effective January 2018. Please keep in mind that working papers and papers under submission at journals are always in a bit of flux. Over time, this document may lose a bit of precision. What's up there is, to the best of my knowledge, accurate and precise at the date of posting.

Here are some public use data sets that I have used in my teaching and research. The individual-specific data have been de-identified according to HIPPA guidelines (to the best of my knowledge). I would appreciate that any individuals who use the data send me an email to let me know that you plan to use it, and what you plan to use it for. People who use the data for any purpose assume any and all risks and responsibilities (legal, ethical and otherwise) of such use, and agree that I, my co-authors, our employers (past, present and future) and other affiliated individuals are not liable for inappropriate use. If the links posted below become inactive for any reason, please email me at and I will send you a copy of the data. Please report any irregularities and/or violations to me as soon as you find them and I will correct any issues on my end.

Download a full copy of the empirical results for the paper on using Chapter 13 bankruptcy to manage alimony and child support payments that I wrote with Matt McPherson and Don Hackney.

Download a copy of the data (including details of how the data were cleaned) for the hospital pharmacy efficiency paper that I wrote with Matthew McPherson and Robert Rosenman. 

Download a copy of the data for the disease state management — nursing education paper that I wrote with Lynne Melchior, Becky Carter, Anne Helsley and Jan Ernest. 

Download a full copy of the empirical results for the paper on information sharing that I wrote with Kent Hickman.


Here are some interesting health economics and research related sites:

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