|Diagnosis: males with a ‘bar-shaped’
retinaculum (similar to that of Arctiids); moths of one of two types: 1)
fw with Rs veins arising from a single stalk and with tufts of raised
scales; 2) fw with accessory cell, frons glossy on lower half, distance
between eyes narrower than eye width in frontal view.
Diversity: Worldwide nine subfamilies, 308 genera, and 1,400
species; North America has three subfamilies, eight genera and 29 species;
five species are known to occur in North Dakota.
Checklist numbers: 8969- 8998.
Biology: Larvae on woody plants, forbs, or grasses, usually in
webbing or a folded leaf. Cocoon double-walled and ‘boat-shaped’
with a ventral keel. This group has been ‘taxonomically shuffled’
between the Arctiidae and Noctuidae and only recently have synapomorphic
characters been recognized.
Forbes, William T. M. 1954.
Subfamily 7. Sarrothripinae, pp 286- 290 in ibid. The Lepidoptera
of New York and neighboring states. Part III, Noctuidae. Cornell Agric.
Expt. Stat. Mem. 329: 433 pp.
Franclemont, John G. 1960.
Family 52. Nolidae, pp. 50- 55 in Forbes, William T. M. The
Lepidoptera of New York and neighboring states. Part IV, Agaristidae
through Nymphalidae including the butterflies. Cornell Agric. Expt.
Stat. Mem. 371: 188 pp.
__________. 1985. A new
species of Meganola Dyar from eastern North America (Lepidoptera:
Noctuidae: Nolinae). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 87(4): 871- 874.
Kitching, Ian J. and John
E. Rawlins. Chapter 19 The Noctuoidea, pp. 355- 401 in Kristensen,
Neils P. ed. 1999. Lepidoptera, moths and butterflies. Part 35, Vol. 1 in
Handbook of Zoology. Maximilian Fischer ed. Walter de Gryter, New
York. 491 pp.
Scoble, Malcom J. 1992. The
Higher Ditrysia, Chapter 12, pp. 290- 341 in The Lepidoptera:
form, function, and diversity. Oxford Univ. press. 1982. 404 pp.