Moths of North Dakota


Family Yponomeutidae: Ermine moths

Diagnosis: Ocelli absent; proboscis without scales; fw with accessory cell; Rs4 ending at outer margin; fw coloration either gaudy or white with black dots.

Diversity: Six subfamilies and about 600 species worldwide, three subfamilies and more than 80 species in North America, two subfamilies and three species in North Dakota.

Checklist numbers: 2401- 2414, 2416- 2484.

Biology: Life histories are diverse, many species spin communal webs on host plants. Pupae are in a loose mesh cocoon.


moth image

Further reading:

Dougdale, John S. et al., Chapter 8. The Yponomeutoidea, pp. 119- 130 in Kristensen, Neils P. ed. 1999. Lepidoptera, moths and butterflies. Part 35, Vol. 1 in Handbook of Zoology. Maximilian Fischer ed. Walter de Gryter, New York. 491 pp.

Hoebeke, E. Richard. 1987. Yponomeuta cagnagellus (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae); a Palearctic ermine moth in the United States, with notes on its recognition, seasonal history, and habits. Ann. Amer. Entomol. Soc. 80: 462-467.

Menken, S. B. J., W. M. Herrebout, and J. B. Wiebes. 1992. Small ermine moths (Yponomeuta); their host relations and evolution. Ann. Rev. Entomol. 37: 41- 66.

Scoble, Malcom J. 1992. Chapter 11. Lower Ditrysia, pp. 225- 254 in The Lepidoptera: form, function, and diversity. Oxford Univ. press. 1982. 404 pp.



Last updated: 03/27/02

Gerald M. Fauske
Research Specialist
202 Hultz Hall
Fargo, ND 58105

Published by the Department of Entomology 

Prospective students may schedule a visit by calling 1-800-488-NDSU.