Department of Geosciences
North Dakota State University

Geology 300:
A Note on Citations

(Thanks to Don Schwert for this photo!)

NDSU Below is an example of a citation format that you should follow for short papers and for your term project:

Have a look at a recent issue of Geology or the Bulletin of the Geologic Society of America (GSA) for more examples.

Fischer, T.P., Arehart, G.B., Sturchio, N.C. and Williams, S.N., 1996, The relationship between fumarole gas composition and eruptive activity at Galeras Volcano, Colombia: Geology, v. 24, p. 531-534.

The below is altered (to conform more or less with GSA style) from recommendations given at http://www.columbia.edu/cu/cup/cgos/idx_basic.html.

To cite files available on the WWW, give the author's name, last name first (if known); the year the document was written; the full title of the work; the title of the complete work (if applicable); any version or file numbers. Next, list the protocol (e.g., "http") and the full URL, followed by the date of access in parentheses.

Burka, Lauren P., 1993, A Hypertext History of Multi-User Dimensions: MUD History. http://www.utopia.com/talent/lpb/muddex/essay (2 Aug. 1996).

See also "Suggestions For Citing And Referencing Web Sources For Geoscience Papers" and the Geological Society of America style guide.

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B. Saini-Eidukat
Spring 2001
Environmental Geology
Geology 300