Image Map

Falkland.jpg (100081 bytes)

  Falkland Islands: 51° 00' - 52° 30' S, 57° 40' - 61° 30' W

  • Area:  13,000 km².
  • Physical Features:  The group comprises the main islands of East Falkland and West Falkalnd, with about 340 associated islands and islets.
  • Highest elevation - 705 m Mt. Usborne on East Falkland Island.
  • The islands are composed of Paleozoic and Mesozoic sediments, with considerable folding.  The oldest rocks are Pre-Cambrian, about 2.5 billion years old.  
  • Generally rugged and hilly.  Several small rivers occur.  Peaty soils are widespread, with stony, gravel soils at high elevations.
  • Climate is oceanic: strong prevailing westerly winds, high humidity, low rainfall, cloudy, frequent snow (but no permanent ice), mean annual temperature 5 - 6° C.
  • Historical features: The islands are thought to have been discovered in 1592 by an English Captian, John Davis.  The first recorded landing was in 1690, by Captain John Strong, who named the islands after Viscount Falkland, then Treasurer of the British navy.  
  • In 1982, hostilities occurred between the United Kingdom and Argentina over sovereignty of the islands.  Sovereignty is claimed by both the United Kingdom and Argentina.
  • Biological links:
  • Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, - plant community information http://dps.plants.ox.ac.uk/bol/falklands