Center for Immunization Research and Education (CIRE)
Mission and Goals
Immunizations have been acknowledged as one of the most important advances in public health in the last century, protecting children and adults from dangerous diseases that can cause serious illness or death. Successful immunization programs have helped eradicate smallpox from the globe, nearly eradicated polio, and markedly reduced such diseases as tetanus, measles, mumps, and rubella. Nevertheless, many vaccine preventable diseases persist in the United States and around the world, and vaccination rates are not as high as public health officials would like them to be.
Vaccines have been to be among the most safe and effective therapies we possess. They save lives by preventing outbreaks of disease and even protect those who cannot be vaccinated. Despite all this, vaccine acceptance has declined. The seriousness of many vaccine preventable diseases has faded from collective memory, and some people fear the rare or imagined adverse effects of vaccines more than the diseases they are meant to prevent. Some parents opt not to fully vaccinate their children. As a result, the United States is seeing a return of outbreaks from vaccine-preventable diseases such as measles and pertussis, diseases that had largely disappeared a decade ago. Furthermore, similar unfounded fears and multiple systemic barriers consistently lead to poor uptake of recommended vaccines in adults, significantly limiting the full potential of vaccine benefits in this group as well.
At the Center for Immunization Research and Education (CIRE), our mission and purpose is to address concerning trends in vaccine coverage through education and research and to find ways to improve regional vaccine acceptance and immunization rates in both children and adults. Our goal is to have no one in our region suffer from a vaccine-preventable diseases.
The CIRE is housed within the NDSU Department of Public Health.
Turning the Tide Against Cholera
06 February 2017
A New York Times article detailing how cholera emerged from the swamps of Southeast Asia and how a vaccine may stop outbreaks in the future and save lives.
CIRE AFIX Project Featured on Prairie Public's "Main Street" Radio Program
13 January 2017
Project Manager Danielle Pinnick was interviewed about the CIRE's current project aimed at increasing adolescent HPV immunization rates in the state of North Dakota.
Leading infectious disease expert working to increase North Dakota's immunization rates
10 January 2017
This NDSU News story highlights the mission and goals of the CIRE, as well as past and current projects.
Minnesota and North Dakota see flu spike
10 January 2017
Minnesota and North Dakota have seen a drastic spike in flu cases. WDAY interviewed Kylie Hall about reasons for the increase in cases and what can be done to prevent the spread of the flu.
NDSU program to improve HPV vaccination rates
09 January 2017
One of our current projects aims to increase vaccination rates among North Dakota youth to prevent cancer.
To vax or not to vax: Spreading truth on vaccinations remains struggle for experts
20 December 2016
Dr. Carson and Kylie Hall were featured in a story in the Fargo Forum about the decision to vaccinate and barriers that exist to achieving full immunization compliance.
Arkansas Investigates Mumps Outbreak With More Than 400 Possible Cases
11 October 2016
The Arkansas Department of Health is investigating a mumps outbreak that may have infected hundreds of people, with the majority of them children.
Vaccination Coverage Among Children Aged 19-35 Months - United States, 2015
07 October 2016
Nationally, coverage with vaccines recommended by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices for children aged 19–35 months remains high and stable.
Vaccination Coverage Among Children in Kindergarten - United States, 2015-2016 School Year
07 October 2016
Nationally, immunization rates for children in kindergarten are approximately 94%, but these rates vary greatly from state to state.
Information, enforcement raise vaccination rates
31 July 2016
The Grand Forks Herald reported on school immunization requirements and how enforcement plays a role in achieving high immunization rates.