Recipe Image
Halupsi (Cabbage Rolls), prepared and served on a plate with a fork

Halupsi (Cabbage Rolls)

Recipe Type

A recipe traditionally from Eastern Europe.



  • 1 head cabbage
  • 1 pound ground beef, 93% lean
  • ½ small onion finely chopped
  • ½ cup rice (parboiled)
  • ½ cup carrots, shredded
  • ½ cup green pepper, chopped
  • ¼ teaspoon salt
  • ¼ teaspoon pepper
  • 1 can tomato soup
  • 1 can tomato sauce
  • ½ cup sour cream
  • 1 teaspoon vinegar
  • ½ cup water


Remove the cabbage core. Place cabbage head into a deep pot and cover with hot water. Steam until the leaves are all softened. Drain the cabbage. Separate cabbage leaves and set aside. Mix meat, onion, rice, carrot, green pepper, salt and pepper in a bowl. Roll a spoonful of the meat and rice mixture into a cabbage leaf and place in a pan. Makes about seven rolls.

In a separate bowl, mix together tomato soup, tomato sauce, sour cream and vinegar. Pour mixture over cabbage rolls. Bake at 350 degrees for two hours. About half way through cooking, pour ½ cup of water over the rolls to keep them from drying out. Bake until rice is soft and the mixture reaches 160 degrees. Spoon sauce from the bottom of the pan over the top of each roll just before serving.

Source: From Thy Bounty Cookbook, Germans from Russian Heritage Collection. North Dakota State University Libraries.

Dietary and Nutrition


The cruciferous vegetable family tree includes numerous types of cabbage, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, cauliflower and others. They all look a little different but have similar nutritional properties. Natural plant chemicals (phytochemicals) in cabbage and its relatives are linked to health benefits, which may lower our risk for chronic diseases including cancer. Cabbage is a good source of vitamin C, and it is low in calories at about 15 calories per half cup of raw cabbage. 

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Field to Fork: Cabbage (FN2036, August 2021)

Cabbage varieties may grow as round, flattened or pointed heads. Regular irrigation is needed. If the plant does not get enough moisture from watering, it will taste bitter instead of being sweet, juicy and firm.

Exploring North Dakota's Foodways: Germans from Russia (FN1940, Sept. 2019)

These recipes are part of the rich heritage of the Germans from Russia culture. The recipes have been modified to create healthier options for salads, rolls, soups, main dishes and desserts.

This recipe was analyzed for nutrition using Food Processor SQL Nutrition and Fitness Software and tested in the kitchen.