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Plant Pathology

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Chickpea plant with ascochyta blight symptoms
Photo Credit:
Audrey Kalil

Founded in 2015, the Plant Pathology program at the Williston REC is focused on applied research to address disease issues of the diverse crops of NW North Dakota. Crops of focus include durum, lentil, field pea, chickpea and sugar beets. The program seeks to evaluate the efficacy of fungicides, crop rotation and other management techniques on reducing disease and pathogen populations as well as methodologies to increase soil health associations with beneficial microorganisms.

For more information or questions contact:

Dr. Audrey Kalil



Growing Pulse Crops Podcast

For everything pulse crops (peas, lentils and chickpeas) check out this new podcast series created by the North Central IPM Center Pulse Crops Working Group currently led by Dr. Kalil. This wide ranging series covers a variety of topics including agronomics, disease and weed management, inoculation, soil health, and pulse crop markets.

You can access the podcast at the website  or subscribe via a podcast app.


Zitnick-Anderson, K., Gargouri Jbir, T., Carlson, A., Postovit, S., Pasche, J., and Kalil, A. 2021. Fusarium species associated with root rot of lentil (Lens culinaris L.) in North Dakota. Plant Health Progress.

Kalil, A., Wunsch, M., Markell, S., Pasche, J. Dry Pea and Lentil Root Rot Management Guide. PP1960. NDSU Extension. 2020.

Keene, C., Kandel, H., Markell, S., Pasche, J., Kalil, A., Wunsch, M., Franzen, D., Knodel, J., Bandillo, N., and Ikley, J. Growing chickpea in North Dakota. A1236. NDSU Extension Service. 2020.

Bandillo, N., Stefaniak, T., Worral, H., Mihov, M., Ostlie, M., Schatz, B., Rickertsen, J., Wahlstrom, C., Ramsey, M., Dragseth, K., Jacobs, J., Kalil, A., Wunsch. M., Pasche, J., Franck, W., Chen, C., Forster, S., and McPhee, K. Registration of ‘ND Crown’ chickpea. Journal of Plant Registrations. 2021 April.

Bandillo, N., Stefaniak, T., Worral, H., Jain, S., Ostlie, M., Schatz, B., Rickertsen, J., Wahlstrom, C., Miller, M., Dragseth, K., Jacobs, J., Hanson, B., Martin, G., Kalil, A., Wunsch. M., Pasche, J., Franck, W., Chen, C., Forster, S., and McPhee, K. Registration of ‘ND Dawn’ large yellow field pea. Journal of Plant Registrations. 2020 December.

Jingwei, G., Shi, G.., Kalil, A., Friskop, F., Elias, E., Zu, S.S., Faris, J.D., Lui, Z. Pyrenophora tritici-repentis Race 4 isolates cause diseases on tetraploid wheat. Phytopathology. 2020 September. 110 (11). 1781-1790.

Zitnick-Anderson, K., Pasche, J.S., Gargouri-Jbir, T., and Kalil, A. First report of Aphanomyces euteiches causing Aphanomyces root rot on lentil in North Dakota. Plant Disease. 2020 June; 104 (6). 1876.

Dundore-Aris, J.P., Eloe-Fadrosh, E.A., Schriml, L.M., Beattie, G.A., Brennan, F.P., Busby, P.E., Calderon, R.B., Castle, S.C., Emerson, J.B., Everhart, S.E., Eversole, K., Frost, K.E., Herr, J.R., Huerta, A.I., Iyer-Pascuzzi, A.S., Kalil, A.K., Leach, J.E., Leonard, J., Maul, J.E., Prithiviraj, B., Potrykus, M., Redekar, N.R., Rojas, J.A., Silverstein, K.A.T., Tomso, D.J., Tringe, S.G., Vinatzer, B.A., and Kinkel, L.L. Community-driven metadata standards for agricultural microbiome research. Phytobiomes. 2020 February; 4 (2). 115-121.

Kalil, A.. and Porter, L. Fusarium root rot. Lentil Disease Diagnostic Series. PP1913. January NDSU Extension Service. North Central IPM Center. 2019.

Upadhaya, A., Yan, G. P., Pasche, J., and Kalil, A. Occurrence and distribution of vermiform plant-parasitic nematodes and the relationship with soil factors in field pea (Pisum sativum) in North Dakota, USA. Nematology. 2018; 20: 1-13.

Mitra, S., Mukherjee, A., James, E.K., Wiley-Kalil, A., Das, S., Owen, H., Reddy, P., Ané, J.M., Prasad, G., Rhizobium sp. IRBG74 requires rhamnose rich LPS for endophytic colonization of rice and for nodulation of Sesbania cannabina. Journal of Experimental Botany. 2016 October; 67 (19): 5869-5884.

Sun, J., Miller, J.B., Granqvist, E., Wiley-Kalil, A., Gobbato, E., Maillet, F., Cottaz, S.,  Samain, E., Venkateshwaran, M., Fort, S., Morris, R.J., Ané, J.-M.,  Dénarié, J., and Oldroyd, G.E.D. Activation of symbiosis signaling by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in legumes and rice. Plant Cell. 2015 March; 27(3):823-838.