### Course Availability

Courses numbered 700 and above are offered when needed. The core Ph.D. courses (PHYS 752, 758, 761, 771, 781) and PHYS 782 are typically offered on a six-semester cycle. Contact your adviser for details.

For a complete listing of courses offered at NDSU during a particular semester, check out the Class Schedule published by the Office of Registration and Records.

### Graduate Course Offerings

PHYS 611 Optics for Scientists and Engineers

PHYS 611L Optics for Scientists and Engineers Laboratory

PHYS 613 Lasers for Scientists and Engineers

PHYS 615 Elements of Photonics

PHYS 662 Thermal and Statistical Physics

PHYS 681 Condensed Matter Physics

PHYS 685 Quantum Mechanics I

PHYS 686 Quantum Mechanics II

PHYS 752 Mathematical Methods in Physics I

PHYS 753 Mathematical Methods in Physics II

PHYS 758 Statistical Physics

PHYS 761 Electromagnetism

PHYS 771 Quantum Physics I

PHYS 772 Quantum Physics II

PHYS 781 Solid State Physics

PHYS 782 Condensed Matter Physics

PHYS 790 Graduate Seminar

PHYS 798 Master's Thesis

PHYS 899 Doctoral Dissertation

### PHYS 611: Optics for Scientists and Engineers

*3 credits, offered every fall*

Introduction to modern optics. Geometric optics, electromagnetic nature of light, polarization, interference, diffraction, fiber optics. Corequisite laboratory with major related optics project.

*P**rereq: PHYS 252. Coreq: PHYS 611L. Cross-listed with ECE.*

### PHYS 611L: Optics for Scientists and Engineers Laboratory

*1 credit, offered every fall*

Required laboratory for PHYS/ECE 611. Ten optics experiments plus a major related optics project.

*Coreq: PHYS 611. Cross-listed with ECE.*

**Lab Fee: $25.00**

### PHYS 613: Lasers for Scientists and Engineers

*3 credits, offered in the spring of odd-numbered years*

Lecture and laboratory introduction to lasers. Spontaneous and stimulated transitions, line-broadening, gain, gain saturation, optical resonators, Fabry-Perot interferometers, theory of laser oscillation, rate equations, transverse modes, coherence, and Gaussian beams.

### PHYS 615: Elements of Photonics

*3 credits, offered in the spring of even-numbered years*

Analysis of optical systems using the matrix formulation, wave propogation in anisotropic media, electro-optic effect and laser modulation, physical orgin of optical non-linearities, phase matching, optical second harmonic and parametric generation.

### PHYS 655: Classical Mechanics

*3 credits, offered in the fall of odd-numbered years*

Lagrangian dynamics, central force, rigid body motion, small oscillations, Hamiltonian dynamics, canonical transformations, dynamics of continuous systems.

### PHYS 662: Heat and Thermodynamics

*3 credits, offered in the fall of even-numbered years*

Classical principles and laws of thermodynamics. Cyclic processes and entropy functions. Legendre differential transformations. Maxwell relations, stability and phase transitions, critical phenomena.

### PHYS 663: Statistical Mechanics

*3 credits, offered in the spring of odd-numbered years*

The Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution function and its applications to thermodynamic problems. Introduction to kinetic theory. Introduction to Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac statistics.

### PHYS 681: Introduction to Solid State Physics

*3 credits, offered on demand*

Crystal structure and binding, reciprocal lattices and x-ray diffraction, lattice vibrations, thermal properties, free electron model, band theory, magnetism, superconductivity.

*Prereq: PHYS 485.*

### PHYS 685: Quantum Mechanics I

*3 credits, offered in the fall of odd-numbered years*

Operators, one-dimensional wells and barriers, Schrodinger equation, uncertainty, duality, Born interpretation, unstable states, bosons and fermions, central force problems, angular momentum, spin.

### PHYS 686: Quantum Mechanics II

*3 credits, offered in the spring of even-numbered years*

Continuation of PHYS 685. Perturbation theory, angular momentum addition, variational schemes, WKB method, scattering theory, time-dependent problems.

*Prereq: PHYS 685.*

### PHYS 752: Mathematical Methods in Physics I

*3 credits*

Review of practical mathematical methods routinely used by physicists, including applications. Focus on differential equations, variational principles, and other selected topics.

*Cross-listed with MATH 782. Typically taught by the Department of Physics.*

### PHYS 753: Mathematical Methods in Physics II

*3 credits*

Tensor analysis, matrices and group theory, special relativity, integral equations and transforms, and selected advanced topics.

*Prereq: PHYS 752. Cross-listed with MATH 783. Typically taught by the Department of Mathematics.*

### PHYS 758: Statistical Physics

*3 credits*

Review of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics; Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics simulation; applications to phase transitions.

*Prereq: PHYS 463.*

### PHYS 761: Electromagnetism

*3 credits*

Review of Maxwell's equations, radiation, collisions between charged particles, dynamics of relativistic particles and fields.

*Prereq: PHYS 361.*

### PHYS 771: Quantum Physics I

*3 credits*

Schrodinger equation, wave packets, uncertainty, angular momentum, spin, second quantization, harmonic oscillator, resistance mechanisms.

*Prereq: PHYS 486.*

### PHYS 772: Quantum Physics II

*3 credits*

Continuation of PHYS 771.

*Prereq: PHYS 771.*

### PHYS 781: Solid State Physics

*3 credits*

Crystal structure and binding, reciprocal lattices and x-ray diffraction, lattice vibrations, thermal properties, free electron model, band theory, magnetism, superconductivity.

*Prereq: PHYS 485/685.*

### PHYS 782: Condensed Matter Physics

*3 credits*

An introduction to soft condensed matter, focusing on colloids, polymers, liquid crystals, surfactants, and biological systems. Topics will include characterization of soft materials, interparticle interactions, structure, equilibrium phase behavior, non-equilibrium properties, and practical applications.

*Prereq: PHYS 463/663.*

### PHYS 790: Graduate Seminar

*1-3 credits, offered every semester*

Each student will present a seminar on a literature topic or current research and attend all other seminars.

### PHYS 798: Masters Thesis

*1-10 credits, offered every semester*

Masters Thesis research.

### PHYS 899: Doctoral Dissertation

*1-15 credits, offered every semester*

Doctoral Dissertation research.