Teaching Online

Highlights of this section include: scholarly research, technical articles, evaluation reports and policy documents. Browse through these recommended readings to gain a better understanding of the importance and attention given to distance, online or blended education in the literature.

Should you choose to go beyond the essential readings and investigate further themes in distance and online education, additional links to publications, organizations, institutes and governmental units are provided below.



Teaching Remotely


Sometimes there are events that cause disruption to our ability to teach classes face to face. Regardless of the reason, there are tools an instructor can take advantage of to continue their course with minimal interruption. Online instruction is a great way to bridge the gap until you and your students are able to return to the classroom. We must also remember that there is a distinct difference between teaching online as the chosen mode and teaching online as a response to an emergency, such as COVID-19. To get an idea of these differences please read the following articles.

Hybrid-Flexible Course Design: Implementing Student-Directed Hybrid Classes by Brian J. Beatty >>

Learning and Applied Innovation - Teaching Remotely Trainings >>

Teaching Online & Teaching Remotely Classroom Resources >>

The Difference Between Emergency Remote Teaching and Online Learning >>

Hybrid-Flexible Course Design: Implementing Student-Directed Hybrid Classes >>

First Day Teaching HyFlex at NDSU Checklist >>


NDSU Teaching Certification Courses

Office of Teaching and Learning (OTL), LAIC, and Blackboard Instructional Design Services teamed up to develop four Faculty Certificate courses including an Exemplar Course Design Rubric. These non-credit, certificate courses have been vetted externally, as well as internally, and are ready for enrollment.

These teaching and learning courses have been designed for asynchronous, self-paced learning. If you are interested in taking the courses as a cohort, that option is also available which provides a valuable learning experience, connecting and interacting with colleagues. Courses will be facilitated by LAIC instructional design staff and faculty volunteers (as available) providing help with questions and feedback, as needed.

NDSU Instructional Design Team

The instructional design team has developed resources to assist with converting a face-to-face class to an online class, their webpage covers the following topics and more. 

  • Equipment needed to teach remotely.
  • Instructions for activating your Blackboard course.
  • Posting key classroom content.
  • Communicating with your class through Blackboard.
  • Assessing your students remotely.
  • How to hold a synchronous (at the same time) class online.

Read about those topics here >>


NDSU Bookstore and Digital Materials

The NDSU Bookstore has announced a partnership with digital course materials provider, VitalSource, and leading publishers, to launch VitalSource Helps, a program that provides access to eBooks to all NDSU students through May 25th. Students may begin accessing these materials today at bookshelf.vitalsource.com


NDSU Libraries

Publishers Offer Free Access for Remote Teaching and Learning

Publishers and other information providers have responded in full force to support remote teaching and learning needs. Find academic and research content that has temporarily been made available for free. 

More information >>


Resources from Other Universities

For more strategies and resources, consider reviewing information available on these university Office of Teaching and Learning websites. Please note, not all resources listed are used at NDSU. Universities with good remote learning resources include: University of California Berkley, Rice University Information Technology, Harvard's Derek Bok Center for Teaching and Learning and Harvard's teach remotely website.

Association of Colleges and University Educators (ACUE)  - The ACUE organization has an excellent set of videos, online webinars, and an online teaching tool kit to assist faculty with their online classes. Topics include: maintaining your online presence, recording effective microlectures, planning effective online discussions, how to organize your class, and so many more.  


More resources:


Scholarly Research Articles

Annetta, L., & Shymansky, J.A. (2008). A comparison of rural elementary school teacher attitudes toward three modes of distance education for science professional development.  Journal of Science Teacher Education, 19(3), 255-267. 

Artino, A.R. (2010). Online or face-to-face learning? Exploring the personal factors that predict students' choice of instructional format.  The Internet and Higher Education, 13(4), 272-276.

Bernard, R.M., Abrami, P.C., Lou, Y., Borokhovski, E., Wade, A., Wozney, L., Wallet, P.A., Fiset, M., & Huang, B. (2004). How does distance education compare with classroom instruction? A meta-analysis of the empirical literature.  Review of Educational Research, 74(3), 379-439.

Bolliger, D.U., & Wasilik, O. (2009). Factors influencing faculty satisfaction with online teaching and learning in higher education.  Distance Education, 30(1), 103-116.

Conrad, D. (2005). Building and maintaining community in cohort-based online learning.  Journal of Distance Education, 20(1), 1-20.

Husson, W.J., & Waterman, E.K. (2002). Quality measures in distance learning.  Higher Education in Europe, 27(3), 253-260.

Mandernach, B.J., Donnelli, E., Dailey, A., & Schulte, M. (2005). A faculty evaluation model for online instructors: Mentoring and evaluation in the online classroom.  Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, 8(3).

McGorry, S.Y. (2003). Measuring quality in online programs.  The Internet and Higher Education, 6(2), 159-177.

Reich, J. & Ruiperez-Valiente, J.A. (2019). The MOOC Pivot: What happened to disruptive transformation of education?  Science, 363(6423), 130-131. 

Rovai, A.P., & Downey, J.R. (2010). Why some distance education programs fail while others succeed in a global environment.  The Internet and Higher Education, 13(3), 141-147. 

Rubin, B., Fernandes, R., Avgerinou, M.D., & Moore, J. (2011). The effect of learning management systems on student and faculty outcomes.  The Internet and Higher Education, 13(1/2), 82-83. 

Savery, J.R. (2005). BE VOCAL: Characteristics of successful online instructors.  Journal of Interactive Online Learning, 4(2), 141-152.

Schrire, S. (2004). Interaction and cognition in asynchronous computer conferencing.  Instructional Science, 32(6), 475-502.

Simonson, M., Scholsser, C., & Orellana, A. (2011). Distance education research: A review of the literature.  Journal of Computing in Higher Education, 23(2/3), 124-142. 

Swan, K., Matthews, D., Bogle, L., Boles, E., & Day, S. (2011). Linking online course design and implementation to learning outcomes: A design experiment.  The Internet and Higher Education.

Van de Vord, R. (2010). Distance students and online research: Promoting information literacy through media literacy.  The Internet and Higher Education, 13(3), 170-175.

Villar, L.M., & Alegre, O.M. (2008). Measuring faculty learning in curriculum and teaching competence online courses.  Interactive Learning Environments, 16(2), 169-181. 

Woods, R., Baker, J.D., & Hopper, D. (2004). Hybrid structures: Faculty use and perception of web-based courseware as a supplement to face-to-face instruction.  The Internet and Higher Education, 7(4), 281-297. 


Practitioner Articles

Boettcher, J.V. (2011, February). Evidence of learning online: Assessment beyond the paper. Campus Technology.

Demski, J. (2010, July). A better blend. Campus Technology. 

Hai-Jew, S. (2010). An instructional design approach to updating an online course curriculum. EDUCAUSE Quarterly, 33(4). 

Matchett, N.L, & Main, C. (2010). Faculty collaboration at a distance: Using online peer review to improve course design. EDUCAUSE Quarterly, 33(3). 

Schaffhauser, D. (2010, September). Getting faculty buy-in for the LMS. Campus Technology.


Evaluation and Technical Reports

Allen, I.E., & Seaman, J. (2010). Learning on demand: Online education in the United States, 2009. Retrieved from The Sloan Consortium website.

Johnson, L., Smith, R., Willis, H., Levine, A., & Haywood, K., (2011). The 2011 Horizon Report. 

Means, B., Toyama, Y., Murphy, R., Bakia, M, & Jones, K. (2009). Evaluation of evidence-based practices in online learning: A meta-analysis and review of online learning studies. Retrieved from the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Planning, Evaluation and Policy Development website.

Parsad, B., & Lewis, L. (2008). Distance Education at Degree-Granting Postsecondary Institutions: 2006–07 (NCES 2009–044). Retrieved from the U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences website.

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