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Trees and Shrubs

North Dakota landscape with a tree with yellow leaves

Trees and shrubs are wonderful long-term additions to your landscape but it can be overwhelming figuring out what to plant and how to care for it. Luckily, NDSU Extension has plenty of resources that will help you figure out what to plant and help you diagnose and manage common issues.


Tree Selector Page Preview

Tree Selector Tool

Many species of tall deciduous trees are available for conservation and urban plantings. The ND Tree Selector is an online tool that helps users choose tree and shrub species based on a variety of characteristics. Are you looking for something that is fast growing or a tree that is long-lived? Perhaps a species with pretty flowers? 


apple tree with fruit

Caring For and Diagnosing Apple Tree Issues

Learn all about how to choose and care for your apple trees—whether you have a few in your yard or a whole orchard, you'll find everything you need to cultivate a flourishing stand of trees. 


Diverse planting of trees in front of building

Managing Trees Through Drought Conditions

Summer's coming, which means irrigation is on our minds. And for trees, last year's drought conditions can also be the root cause of issues occurring now. Learn drought management techniques to help your trees survive these strenuous conditions. 

Trees Publications
Ash trees (in the genus Fraxinus) are susceptible to attack by the emerald ash borer (EAB), a non-native insect. The first step in determining if a tree has been infested with EAB is to make certain that it is an ash tree.
Dutch elm disease (DED) has been spreading across North America since the 1920s. It first was reported in North Dakota in Mandan in 1969, and it reached eastern North Dakota by 1973. DED has been confirmed in every North Dakota county.
This publication highlights elm (Ulmus) species and cultivars that have been tested in North Dakota. Species listed include American elm, Japanese elm, Siberian elm, and several hybrids. Recommendations given on a sliding scale, from '…
This publication summarizes the threat of invasive metallic wood-boring beetle, emerald ash borer, to North Dakota's ash trees. It's identification, biology, damage, and pest management strategies including cultural, plant resistance,…
Research continues to show that the fiber and natural antioxidants and other phytochemicals ("plant chemicals") in apples may help prevent chronic diseases. Learn about growing apple trees, apples and health, and how to preserve and…
Flooding periodically happens in North Dakota. Post-flooding management decisions can help or harm trees and shrubs on their road to recovery. A list of flood-tolerant trees/shrubs, and a list of flood-sensitive trees/shrubs, are provided.
The Emerald ash borer is a beetle (Order Coleoptera). Beetles are recognized by having shell-like front wings called elytra. When the wings are folded, they meet forming a median line down the back. Currently, Emerald ash borer has not…
Iron chlorosis is a major tree-health issue found throughout the state. This document summarizes the biology and ecology of the issue, including susceptible species and soils most likely to create this problem. Soil treatments and stem…
Windbreaks, also called shelterbelts, are critical for living in the northern Great Plains. They provide valuable protection for farmsteads, roads, communities, crops and livestock. These small pieces of forest in the broader prairie…
Pines for North Dakota gives an overview of the most common pine trees in the state, explaining characteristics that will help identify one pine from another.
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